He has caught his first glimpse of the most real things, the Forms. Plato writes about Socrates describing a scene where there are chained people in a dark cave. Those intellectuals, if pulled into public services, will govern the state jointly and therefore there will be peace, order and progress in such a state. However the philosophical observation that this is the case is a pure, ultimate piece of knowledge. He accepts the statues and fire as the most real things in the world.
Many would also want to return to the cave to free the others in bondage. The Random House Publishing Group. These prisoners represent the lowest stage on the line—imagination. The understanding of courage would differ widely from stage to stage. The natural reaction of the prisoner would be to recognize shadows and reflections.
For years he was exposed only to shadows. And you, sir, are no tree. We now continue the conversation in order to discover how the Guardians are to be given a higher education. Everyone who can see has had the experience of transition from dark to light or vice versa. Against the Sovereignty of Philosophy over Politics: Arendt's Reading of Plato's Cave Allegory Social Research; Winter 2007; 74, 4; ProQuest Social Sciences Premium Collection pg. Like the prisoners in the cave, we still accept these forms to be reality, even though they are imitations and falsities of their actual subjects. The returning prisoner, whose eyes have become accustomed to the sunlight, would be blind when he re-enters the cave, just as he was when he was first exposed to the sun 516e.
The main agent of the story The Myth of the Cave is Plato. What separates the person speaking from thought from the person possessed of understanding is that the person speaking from thought cannot inform his views with knowledge of the Form of the Good. People have their legs and necks chained so that they cannot move from their places or cannot see around them. If you believe that what you see should be taken as truth, then you are merely seeing a shadow of the truth. Socrates sees similarities with people and the captives in the cave. A fire is burning behind the prisoners; between the fire and the arrested prisoners, there is a walkway where people walk and talk and carry objects. These people, the allegory suggests, are wiling to seek the truth.
Others would look at the sun and finally begin to see the world as it truly is. The story goes on to say that one of the men has been dragged out of the cave. All the forms are connected, and are comprehended together in the following way: you work your way up to the Form of the Good through thought until you grasp the Form of Good. When any one of them is set free and dragged up to the mouth of the cave, he suffers sharp pains. The writing is organized in a way in which the author tells a story in a sequence of logical events that makes the reader understand better.
The prison dwelling corresponds to the region revealed to us through the sense of sight, and the fire-light within it to the power of the Sun. Some people may relate this story to religious beliefs, while others may think of an entirely different circumstance, such as social problems. This prisoner breaks the chains that bind him and in order to know the real truth, escapes the caves into the unknown world. A character named Callicles, in a different dialogue, derides Socrates with Socrates' inability to defend himself in a court of law Gorgias 486 A. To use an example, imagine that a person in each of these stages were asked to say what courage is.
Much of the modern scholarly debate surrounding the allegory has emerged from 's exploration of the allegory, and philosophy as a whole, through the lens of human freedom in his book The Essence of Human Freedom: An Introduction to Philosophy and The Essence of Truth: On Plato's Cave Allegory and Theaetetus. In other words, you're a prisoner because your body and your reality are fake. Plato is making an analysis that our lives are a 'puppet show' and we haven't experienced things such as true beauty because it is too vast for us to conceive when we are trapped in the cave that represents our reality. At first it would be easiest to make out shadows, and then the images of men and things reflected in water, and later on the things themselves. The only thing they can actually witness is the shadows coming from the puppets these people carry.
What Socrates emphasized is that a individual should travel back into the cave of darkness. However, after having learned so many new concepts, he returns to his fellow beings and attempts to reveal his findings but is rejected and threatened with death. Without the outside world, there is no curiosity, no questioning. Based on the reading it can be interpreted that Plato is a philosopher and believes in open-mindedness. Plato argues that there is a basic flaw in how we humans mistake our limited perceptions as reality, truth and goodness. The life of true philosophy is the only one that looks down upon the offices of state; and access to power must be confined to men who are not in love with it. You cannot look at anything behind or to the side of you — you must look at the wall in front of you.
The minor concerns of the world as he has viewed them previously are now seen as falsely held perceptions and he is eager to share his enlightenment with others. The prisoners perceive the shadows and echoes as reality. Because the transition from light to dark was so difficult and disorienting, the difficulty in communicating across that transition can be dangerous, even deadly, which ups the stakes of the essay significantly, despite the hypothetical nature of it thus far. It is non suggested that one would travel back into the former province of believing the shadows as world because it is more painful and pathetic than of all time to hold seen such world outside and would still make bold to travel back to the old belief of the shadows. At first, he is so dazzled by the light up there that he can only look at shadows, then at reflections, then finally at the real objects—real trees, flowers, houses and so on. The symbolic part of the story is perhaps the most intriguing one.