One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Transcription held at Birmingham Public Library, Birmingham, Alabama. King gives three reasons why it is appropriate for him to be active in working for civil rights in Birmingham even though he doesn't claim permanent residence there. I would be the first to advocate obeying just laws. As a Baptist minister, King has a depth of knowledge of the Bible and history of Christianity, which he uses to his advantage in this letter.
After the direct-action program, King. Who can say that the legislature of Alabama which set up that state's segregation laws was democratically elected? The clergymen argued for patience for disputes and issues to be decided in the courts, and that protests were a disruption, not a means to an end. By describing the signs as humiliating, King calls attention to the psychological effects of segregation for African Americans. Among the many leaders and supporters of the movement, one of the most notable activists of all was Dr. Student Instructions Create a storyboard that shows examples of ethos, pathos, and logos from the text. He describes police brutality, pushing and cursing black children and old women and refusing food to singing prisoners. We readily consented, and when the hour came we lived up to our promise.
We have some eighty-five affiliated organizations across the South, and one of them is the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights. For more than two centuries our forebears labored in this country without wages; they made cotton king; they built the homes of their masters while suffering gross injustice and shameful humiliation -and yet out of a bottomless vitality they continued to thrive and develop. Logos is one of the strongest appeals in the letter. Downers Grove, Illinois: InterVarsity Press. Words: 1579 - Pages: 7. King explains that his group meant to dramatize racism and make sure that the community at large was forced to confront the issue by getting up in everyone's faces, so to speak. Was Connor's aim, as some thought, to break him? He divides the complacent into two groups: those who have been beaten down by poverty and racism and are too jaded to stand up for themselves, and others who correspond to the 'white moderate,' the 'few Negroes in the middle class.
King's letter was not the first or only important document in the history of modern civil rights, but it is now considered to be the central intellectual landmark in a major turning point of that movement. This shows that Martin is not just writing a letter but answering questions to a certain group. By demonstrating his practical wisdom, through the use of allusion, King attempts to strengthen his character with a visible appeal to ethos. King agrees to a point, but feels that there are just and unjust laws. Therefore, he cannot work solely in Atlanta and not be concerned about what happens in Birmingham. Draft Workshop Questions for Paper 1 Reader: Be sure to keep the guidelines for successful analysis sentences 1.
Moreover, I am cognizant of the interrelatedness of all communities and states. He also makes a bright appeal to ethos and pathos but their effectiveness is limited by a number of inconsistencies in the letter. His imagery, personal experiences, and appeals to ethos and logos throughout make a strong, well rounded argument. King feels there is a correlation between all communities. He then expresses a desire to meet with the eight white clergymen who have criticized the protests—not as an African American or a protester, however, but as a fellow clergyman. My friends, I must say to you that we have not made a single gain in civil rights without determined legal and nonviolent pressure.
Isn't this like condemning a robbed man because his possession of money precipitated the evil act of robbery? For instance, it is seen in the first argument, when he alleges that he aims to conflict the views brought forward together with the declarations made by the white clergyman. But they have acted in the faith that right defeated is stronger than evil triumphant. Explain why you have identified them as such. Martin Luther King was a clergyman and a prominent leader in the civil rights movement. I cannot join you in your praise of the Birmingham police department. In addition to the two, Luther also appeals to pathos in the writing of his essay. King used an approach to resolve issues in nonviolent manners.
Its thrilling language and heightened content are only underlined by its meticulous structure, which reflects Dr. Therefore, martin Luther called for the use of direct action to promote the rights of the Negro community. He does not want to frighten or upset an audience that might be inclined to listen to arguments they have not previously considered. And yet the nature of the letter reveals that the message is filtered through the address to the clergymen, even if it is intended for more than just them. So much that, I must admit, I was initially confused by my own emotions. Words: 1489 - Pages: 6. King forces the clergymen to think about the morally correct course of action.
In your statement you assert that our actions, even though peaceful, must be condemned because they precipitate violence. King opens the letter with stating his position as President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference—an organization operating in every southern state that has affiliation with the Alabama Christian Movement for Human rights. King replied directly to the clergymen, but used religious ties to also have his voice heard in the public. In Martin Luther King Jr. Luther by this implies that one does not have to be very to realize the inequity in society. He also commends one of the eight white clergymen specifically: Reverend Stallings welcomed African Americans to worship alongside whites, integrating his church service. Finally, it is worth noting that Dr.
I had hoped that each of you would understand. In those days the church was not merely a thermometer that recorded the ideas and principles of popular opinion; it was a thermostat that transformed the mores of society. He talks about his passion to end segregation is always untimely. In this way, King establishes that segregation is an immoral—and therefore unjust—law. King also mentioned that the delayed justice is tranquilizing and is justice denied.
But even if the church does not come to the aid of justice, I have no despair about the future. This section of the letter is concluding his want for peace and unity. The letter stated that only the use of non-violent actions could help achieve the true civil rights for all members of society. Isn't negotiation a better path? Here, King looks back to a time when the church had a stronger leadership role on public mores, when 'it was the thermostat' and 'not merely a thermometer. That it so successfully manages its tone is all the more impressive when we recall that Dr. You wanted to read more about….