Exact word counts can vary from. Again, I'm using my own words. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. An executive summary is a concise version of a lengthier document, proposal, or multiple related reports. Writing professionally since 2008, Michelle Miley specializes in home and garden topics but frequently pens career, style and marketing pieces. Add the title of the report to the reference in italics, again placing a period after the information.
Also note where the period comes at the end of the sentence. Subordination is the relationship between the headings and the sub-headings. Take notes on what the purpose of the article is, and whether the information presented is relevant. Decide if the article presents the content in a logical progression. Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors 3th ed. When you refer to a source in your work, include an.
Figure out the structure of the article. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th ed. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. Set the margins for your document at 1 inch on all sides for a standard 8. Other directions Davidhizer offers include actively communicating interest and concern, using words and actions to communicate empathy and respect, practicing attending skills, communicating availability, following up on requests, avoiding defensiveness, maintaining a professional manner, answering questions honestly, maintaining a positive attitude, and practicing intentional encouragement. Indent the first line of your summary and complete a draft. Quotes When you copy an excerpt of a text from another source and place it between quotation marks, you are quoting.
They are equivalent in this case. There is a grammatical format that you have to follow while writing your paper to make it sound credible. When you , you are required to add the page number to the in-text citation. Don't forget to include the Andrews University cover page and a photocopy of the article you summarized. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions.
Psychological antecedents of student procrastination. To gain a better understanding of an article, try reading the abstract and the discussion or conclusion first and then read the entire article. Your analysis or review probably only looks at a portion of these studies. Type your first name, middle initial and last name on the line below your document title. For example, you might identify if you used a within-subjects, between-subjects, or mixed design.
She has taught online over 15 years, specializing in writing, communications, and small business applications. The dependent variable was type of recall. Reading the much shorter summary especially in an academic setting is a good way to see the focus of the paper without reading the entire document first. I finish up with a short summary of Davidhizer's summary, in my own words offering a short version of what he says. Use your own words and keep your writing style clear and concise. These style guidelines specify different aspects of a document's presentation and layout, including how pages are structured, the organization of references, and how citations are made. This not only helps your readers retrieve the sources used in your work, but is one step to ensuring you do not commit plagiarism.
However, select pages, like the , still include this information. Information from the larger document should instead be synthesized and presented via short paraphrases. A summary isn't an analysis, a review or a critique, so don't include your personal opinions, critical evaluations or opposing arguments -- unless opposing arguments are specifically addressed in the original text. This running header will appear one-half inch from the top of the page, and should contain a short version of the manuscript title, followed by the page number, flush to the right margin. For example, if your summary is on the ill effects of poor teenage eating habits, write: Some schools eliminate junk food from their school vending machines to address teen obesity concerns. To keep your abstract short, focus on including just four or five of the essential points, concepts, or findings. Results The results indicate that participants with high body image anxiety had a greater number of emotional responses than those with low body image anxiety when watching the video with weight-related comments.
History of Mugs Hence your headings and subheadings must look like this: I. The results of the experiment showed that there was a difference in type of information recalled between high and low body image after watching a video with weight-related comments. The sociocultural model explores the ways women internalize the media's ideal of unattainable thinness and beauty, and how that internalization in turn can result in disordered eating and a distorted sense of body image pp. Although you should include as much information as possible, it is acceptable to include only the year a report was written if no other date information is available. State how many participants took part and how they were selected. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. It was hypothesized that those with high levels of dispositional body image anxiety would recall more appearance-related information than those who have low body image anxiety.