Lee; elected for president three yrs later Vicksburg July 1863 victory by grant who set up siege Gen. Terms : 778861712 Recognition official acceptance 778861713 Draft the ability of a nation to conscript able-bodies male white citizens into the army 778861714 Anaconda Plan General Scott's plan to march through, destory, and constrict the south ultimately cutting off supplies up the Mississippi to weaken shipping and commerce. Term Pacific Railway Act Definition Union promoted construction of transcontinential railroads by offering government bonds and the grants of land to railroad companies Term Land Grant College Act Definition Bill that allowed for the creation of land grant colleges Term U. By the end of the day on August 30, Union forces were retreating across Bull Run toward Washington for the second time in the Civil War. Today, historians describe the battle as the moment when Americans realized that the Civil War would be far more difficult than anyone had imagined.
The Rebels later captured Lexington two days later. Significance Significance: Richmond was the capital of the Confederacy and it was also the source of much ammunition and other supplies for the army. His Army of Virginia was dissolved and his Civil War career was effectively over. It was here that Lee devised a bold strategy. Term Emancipation Proclamation Definition Lincoln's proclamation that set free to all slaves that the Union army won.
North cut off the South's supplies and ended victoriously despite the major losses on both sides. Lee originally wanted Longstreet to attack on the 29th, but because of poor positioning on the field and resistance from Longstreet, Lee decided against the move. On June 1, 1862, he was an excellent choice to take Johnston's place. Map of the Battle of Shiloh Battle of Vicksburg May 18th-July 4th, 1863 Outcome Outcome: After a 3 month siege General Grant captured Vicksburg, great success for the Union. On the same day, General broke through Union lines at Thoroughfare Gap and approached the main battlefield.
It contained three corps, and most of the soldiers had been engaged in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of that spring. Though no one blamed McDowell for the defeat, he was soon replaced by George B. Talked about reconstruction and ending slavery. Pope was an aggressive commander, a change in style from the cautious McClellan, and he was given the tasks of protecting Washington and moving against Robert E. McDowell wanted Johnston to stay where he was to prevent adding reinforcements to Beauregard's force.
Many saw it as vindication of secession and as reinforcement that the Confederacy would indeed win the war. This forced Pope to fall back toward Jackson's position near the old First Bull Run battlefield. Aftermath Following his defeat, Irvin McDowell was replaced in Washington. McDowell allowed a pause in the battle in order to bring up more troops. Cards Term George McClellan Definition General of Union army that organized the Army of the Potomatic Term Robert E. Union forces would cross at the Sudley Springs Ford, north of the Confederate position.
McClellan, who was given the job of piecing the Union army back together after their defeat. When driven back, Confederate forces would counterattack to retake their position on the defensive line. Antietam was fought just two and a half weeks after Second Bull Run, and many of the same soldiers were at both battles. Let's learn more about this important Civil War battle. Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
By this time, Pope had received portions of McClellan's Army of the Potomac as reinforcements, namely, the Third Corps and Fifth Corps, commanded by Samuel Heintzelman and Fitz John Porter. Despite Davis pleading to follow the Federals, the disorganization was too much to overcome, and the Confederates did not pursue. Significance Significance: This battle included 5,000 casualties, 3,000 of them being Union soldiers. These articles have not yet undergone the rigorous in-house editing or fact-checking and styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected. Significance Significance: Including 700 casualties and most importantly an end to the Civil War.
Sign up Already a StudyStack user? By early August, President Lincoln and General-in-Chief Henry Halleck ordered McClellan to bring his army back to Washington. The combined effect of these battles was to push Federal forces away from Richmond. Pope was relieved of command and sent to Minnesota to fight the Sioux. Lee began to move his Army of Northern Virginia away from Richmond, moving north toward Pope's army. Making it one of the deadliest battles in the United States. As disorganized in victory as the Union was in defeat, the Confederacy did not follow the Union army, who returned to D.
Conversely, they were referred to as First and Second Bull Run in the North, after the nearby stream. Though the Union wanted to end the war their was still one final battle left. Thus, for the first time in history, railroads were used to rush troops to the scene of a battle. Lee Definition commanding general for confederate army Term Ulysses S. McClellan's plan called for taking Union forces by sea to the Virginia Peninsula, landing near Fort Monroe, and advancing the short distance against Richmond from the east. These reinforcements began arriving in Manassas on the morning of the 20th.
Since the fight at Blackburn's Ford had occurred near the right flank of the Confederate positions, McDowell decided to move around to the Confederate left. Conversely, Beauregard was planning to attack the Federal left flank as well. In July of 1861, just three months after Fort Sumter was captured, the Union and Confederate armies geared up for their first major battle. Pictures General Grant's leadership leading to the Union victory. On May 31, Johnston led a robust Confederate counterattack at the Battle of Seven Pines. Johnston began sending his army via rail to Manassas to bolster Confederate strength.