Since independence in 1947, the major emphasis was laid on achieving self-sufficiency in food production. Tomato fruit borer is quite serious throughout the country. A Post-production losses: According to the statistics compiled by the Ministry of Food and Agriculture, because of lack of post- production care, the loss of fruit and vegetable yield suffered by grower's amounts to almost one-third of the total yield. The World Bank found that according to 2000 agricultural census 63. The demand for long stem roses, tube roses, gladioli has tremendously increased.
However, the importance of Hyderabad and Mir Pur Khas remains obvious for domestic and export markets, due to one-month advance season. Exports can be boosted if Pakistan can develop an integrated quality system. In addition the institutions and human resource capacities also have to be strengthened. For improving export quality, experts believe, the process should start by setting quality benchmarks in the domestic market. Effective transfer technology system Most of the work done by agricultural research organizations has not reached the farmers due to weak extension services and absence of any coordination between the entities. Province wise production share of major vegetables Source: Fruit, vegetable and condiments statistics of Pakistan 2011-12. It supplies raw material to the textile industry and provides employment to the people living in both rural and urban areas.
The contract includes terms and conditions under which goods are delivered. It has been replaced by wheat. In citrus exporting countries, Pakistan is at 20th number. They not only adorn the table but also enrich health from the most nutritive menu and tone up energy and vigor of the people. The tunnel farming has also provided a boost for the production of off-season vegetables, which has emerged as most profitable avenues for farmers. Horticulture plants requires tropical to temperate climatic conditions and Pakistan is blessed with wide range of agro-climatic conditions i.
A major constraint in the horticultural sub sector is the availability of appropriate facilities for harvest and post-harvest management. The winter season is the most important for growing a wide variety of vegetables including, cauliflower, cabbage, lettuce, spinach, onion, potato, carrot, radish, turnip, coriander, fenugreek and peas. The fruits shall be packed in such a way so as to protect the produce during handling, transportation and storage. Nothing can be achieved unless stakeholders work in coordination with each other. In order to increase production new varieties of tobacco need to be development. A significant increase has been observed in the export earnings from the horticultural crops during the recent years.
These interventions have improved in papaya production by almost a quarter 21. Agricultural reforms, including increased wheat and oilseed production, play a central role in the government's economic reform package. The President is Benigno S. The fruits and vegetables exported in fresh form attract discount prices because exporters are unable to provide adequate grading and packing. The prevention of such losses can provide exportable surplus.
They not only adorn the table but also enrich health from the most nutritive menu and tone up energy and vigour of the people. D Quality: Quality is a combination of agronomic practices, variety characteristics, grading, processing and finally packaging. Due to a high cost of production of Citrus fruit and stiff competition with big exporters of Citrus fruits namely — Turkey, Morocco and other big producers of Citrus fruits in the International markets, Pakistan is confronted with real tough competition — Waheed deplored. There is tremendous potential for production and processing of Tomatoes, Potatoes, and Onions etc. However, this operation is falling apart in Pakistan.
The main crops of Pakistan are classified into food crops and non-food crops. Following recommendations are suggested to improve exports and reduce wastage: 1 Export financing is almost not available as banks often hesitate financing this trade being perishable in nature. Document of the World Bank. Over the last decade, population increased by 2. Most of the exports are going to lower-end markets, where quality checks are either non applicable or not as strict as in some western countries.
Total export of fruits and vegetables during 2005-06 was only 0. Emerging areas of science such as biotechnology, bioengineering and tissue culture should be given due importance in research and multiplication of planting materials. Concentration of ownership is also thought to be less productive than owner farmed land. Second arrangement is through the. Vegetable growers are generally small-scale, poor and marginal farmers.