Strike suggests such an action in a general way: to strike a child. He struck out twice in three times at bat. From Blackjacks to Briefcases: A History of Commercialized Strike-breaking and Unionbusting in the United States. Employees forfeit their right to maintain the employment relationship if their strike is illegal. An unfair labor practice strike is called to protest some act of the employer that the employees regard as unfair. A walkout may be spontaneous or planned in advance and kept secret.
In addition, even if they do not have a union, employees can properly agree to stop working as a group; in that case they are entitled to all the protections that organized strikers are afforded. Upon settlement of an unfair labor practice strike, the strikers must be reinstated as soon as they offer unconditionally to return to work, even if the replacement workers must be fired. Sitdown strikes helped unions organize workers in the automobile industry in the 1930s but are now rare. A slowdown may be used as either a prelude or an alternative to a strike, as it is seen as less disruptive as well as less risky and costly for workers and their union. Other times slowdowns are accompanied by intentional sabotage on the part of workers to provide further disruption.
Federal Labor Law The development of labor unions in the nineteenth century was met by employer hostility. Likewise, a bus driver typically may take the same liberties with traffic law that drivers do, and are often overloaded with passengers, while an experienced pilot can safely fly in some inclement weather. A work stoppage is generally the last step in a labor-management dispute over wages and working conditions. When employees strike, the employer may continue operating the business and can hire replacement workers. Nonetheless, workers participating in a slowdown are often punished, sometimes by firing and other times by law. Federal labor laws require a 60-day waiting period before workers can strike to force termination or modification of an existing collective bargaining agreement. Middle English striken to stroke, beat, cross out, Old English strīcan to stroke, make level; cognate with German streichen; noun Middle English: unit of dry measure i.
A strike is never a legal excuse for violence, and acts of physical violence and damage to property will be viewed as criminal acts. A strike is generally lawful if it is peaceful. Economic strikers are still categorized as employees and are entitled to reinstatement in the event vacancies occur, but the employer does not have to reinstate any worker who has found substantially equivalent work elsewhere or who has given the employer a legitimate and substantial reason for not reinstating that worker. A union or an employer can be fined or adjudged guilty of an unfair labor practice and ordered to cease and desist when violent actions occur. This provision does not affect the right of employees to strike in protest of some of their employer. The major concerted action was the right to strike. Status Strikes can be divided into two basic types: economic and unfair labor practice.
Striking workers usually go unpaid and risk being replaced, so a slowdown is seen as a way to put pressure on management while avoiding these outcomes. In practice, many rules are loosely interpreted in the interest of efficiency. An economic strike seeks to obtain some type of economic benefit for the workers, such as improved wages and hours, or to force recognition of their union. The terms of the agreement remain in full force and effect during this period, and any employee who strikes can be fired. Because no labor disputes can proceed without minor problems, an isolated minor incident, such as name-calling or a shove, does not end the right to strike.
In July 2011, engineers introduced an unusual slowdown where right-handed engineers used only their left hands to operate essential tools. However, an employer cannot avoid bargaining by relocating or by assigning the same work to another plant owned by the company. Employees are entitled to picket in small numbers outside the employer's facilities, but they cannot block entrances or demonstrate in front of an employer's home. Further readings Smith, Robert Michael, and Scott Molloy. These tactics are known as secondary boycotts or secondary picketing, and they are strictly limited so that businesses that are innocent bystanders will not become victims in a labor dispute that they cannot resolve. A strike must be conducted in an orderly manner and cannot be used as a shield for violence or crime.
The National Labor Relations Act Wagner Act of 1935 29 U. Because employees are not paid when they go on strike and employers lose productivity, both sides usually seek to avoid it. The act imposed strict procedural limitations and safeguards to prevent abuses by the courts. In other situations courts may rule that the employees have a good reason to strike. Employees who refuse to cross a picket line on principle are treated in the same way as strikers, but those who are kept from their jobs through fear of violence are entitled to collect unemployment compensation. To knock is to strike, often with a tendency to displace the object struck; it also means to strike repeatedly: to knock someone down; to knock at a door.
Strike, hit, knock imply suddenly bringing one body in contact with another. Ordinarily, however, a strike is legal if employees are using it to exert economic pressure upon their employer in order to improve the conditions of their employment. Hit is less formal than strike, and often implies giving a single blow, but usually a strong one and definitely aimed: to hit a baseball. Strike A work stoppage; the concerted refusal of employees to perform work that their employer has assigned to them in order to force the employer to grant certain demanded concessions, such as increased wages or improved employment conditions. Bowling sense attested from 1859. This was a second speed increase, and workers felt that this was unfair.