Sources that are relevant to your research can be found in a variety of libraries and online catalogs. It should have a solid structure with clear explanation and, above all, it should have substance. While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating. How will you further your research as a result of the review? Or the review might focus on the fundraising impact of the Internet on a particular political party. Each time you refer to a study by restating information or findings, include a citation in parentheses. Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen remember: this is merely an introductory literature review for Educ 7001. There was some comparison between later and earlier explanations and the synthesised conclusions that can be drawn.
Use Quotes Sparingly Some short quotes are okay if you want to emphasize a point, or if what an author stated cannot be easily paraphrased. Adams, because Brown is alphabetically before Clark. Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing. This will help you track and organize your articles as the number of sources increases. Common Mistakes to Avoid These are the most common mistakes made in reviewing social science research literature. To help you come up with the best result, here are some ideas on how to write a literature review. Important: A literature review is not series of annotations like an annotated bibliography.
If you want to write a shorter review, pick a narrower topic. This area has been surprisingly neglected until recently, as the majority of the literature on eyewitness testimony has focussed on the effect of questions and media reports containing misleading information. Ways to Organize Your Literature Review Chronology of Events If your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials according to when they were published. This will make life much easier when it comes to writing the Literature Review, because you can easily go back and consult your sources again for more precise detail. As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review. Even when the Literature Review is conducted as a stand-alone assignment, this criteria should still prevail; otherwise the Literature Review risks reading like an extended book report rather than a critical piece of scholarly writing. Tip: you can use small bookmarks to keep track of the most important pages.
Why Is Literature Review Important?. Also, this would help the reader or the audience to understand his work while giving some approval and at the same time portraying the importance it has in the discipline he is working on. Include Your References Your references should begin on a new piece of paper with a bold, centered heading: References. When your goals and structure are defined, begin writing without forgetting your target at any moment. What exactly does this mean? Not only to check any grammatical or spelling errors but only to make sure that you have covered all the important aspects of your chosen studies. When writing your review, keep in mind these issues. You won't be able to decide which sources are ideal for your work if you browse their pages superficially.
Definition A literature review is both a summary and explanation of the complete and current state of knowledge on a limited topic as found in academic books and journal articles. What Does a Literature Review Normally Contain? Theoretical Explanations of Memory Conformity 1. Analyse the structure of their arguments and note the way they address the issues. You can create the same assortment for those offering contrasted arguments, in opposition to yours. The purpose is to develop a body of literature that establishes a contrarian viewpoint. Reviews the chronological development of research in this area an approach that is useful at times, but not always the best.
Second are the reviews of those studies that summarize and offer new interpretations built from and often extending beyond the primary studies. Once again, it's useful to enter this information into your RefWorks record. Being familiar with the structure and purpose of reviews will help you navigate scientific literature more confidently, but remember that it is not likely you will be writing a review for publication in a journal until well into your career. Stop being intimadated by what is actually an easy assignment by learning what a literature review really is and how to do one quickly and easily. Literature Reviews are somewhat unique among academic assignments because of their requirements for originality. Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences 3rd ed.
The theoretical literature review helps to establish what theories already exist, the relationships between them, to what degree the existing theories have been investigated, and to develop new hypotheses to be tested. Theoretical Review The purpose of this form is to examine the corpus of theory that has accumulated in regard to an issue, concept, theory, phenomena. Often this form is used to help establish a lack of appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems. You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. One should not assume the results obtained from studies using stories and word lists as stimuli can be generalised to forensic contexts.
You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration , a data base program e. You can make a proper evaluation by mastering the topic you are researching. Tip: as you skim the articles, you may want to record the notes that you take on each directly into RefWorks in the box for User 1. Does it forge a new path? You can give it a try. Surviving Your Dissertation: A Comprehensive Guide to Content and Process.
Doing Your Literature Review: Traditional and Systematic Techniques. If the reviewers or scholars are going to read a printed version of your work, you should always be the first one to do it in order to spot the mistakes, if there are any. It is more than a description, it is an analysis, which means that you have to dig deeper. He suggests that the physical environment in the more public spaces of the building did not have much impact on their perceptions. Repeats 6 for another sub-topic. A citation will offer credibility to your work, especially when it comes from an author with expertise in your field of study.