One such campaign, the 1961 , resulted in vicious beatings for many participants, but resulted in the Interstate Commerce Commission ruling that ended the practice of segregation on buses and in stations. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. So we have come here today to dramatize a shameful condition. After reading the speech I now understand why King adopted the name Martin instead of Michael. I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice. It falls into two parts. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism.
This sweltering summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee! The eloquent speech was immediately recognized as a highlight of the successful protest, and has endured as one of the signature moments of the civil rights movement. Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania! Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. We can never be satisfied, as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities.
Now is the time to lift our nation from the quick sands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro's basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges. The 1950's were a turbulent time in America, when racial barriers began to come down due to Supreme Court decisions, like Brown v. I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together. He equates these documents to a check or promissory note that grants all citizens the unalienable rights of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness.
Speaking directly to the blacks in the audience, he issues a call for dignity and discipline, not violence. Five score years ago, , in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the. His words proved to be a touchstone for understanding the social and political upheaval of the time and gave the nation a vocabulary to express what was happening. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope.
He did a really great job at using precise and intellectual vocabulary. In a sense we've come to our nation's capital to cash a check. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.
He compliments them on their marvelous new militancy, and, true to the spirit of the March, reminds them that all white people are not their enemy and that both communities' destinies are intertwined. He then went on to discuss how the people of America went on to ignore the wishes of the founding fathers and treat the Negros as if they were nothing. Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi. Suddenly, in these next sentences, King shifts gears.
With this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. And some of you have come from areas where your quest — quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. We can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee. I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.
Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. The Declaration of Independence implied, and later the Emancipation Proclamation promised, meaningful freedom to African Americans.
We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. The bad publicity and break-down of business forced the white leaders of Birmingham to concede to some anti-segregation demands. Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. But not only that; let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia! From every mountainside, let freedom ring. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy.
This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream. He says that they must be civil and eventually they will be seen as equals. Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi. The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to a distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny. From every mountainside, let freedom ring.