This sovereign then has absolute power to rule with no questions asked and not to only act on behalf of the citizens but to completely embody their will. While Hobbes favored one single person to have the divine power to rule, Locke stated that the power to create law should rest within a majority legislative body and that the law created by it should be absolute. As seen in his ideas being used by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence and by the principles of separating powers included in the Constitution, his contributions justify placing him in that group of great men. Compare and contrast Hobbes and Locke on political power? All other natural law theorists assumed that man was by nature a social animal. Two main modern philosophers whose political theories are still used or referenced still today are Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.
However, their ideas of natural law differ greatly. And here we have the plain difference between the state of Nature and the state of war, which however some men have confounded, are as far distant as a state of peace, goodwill, mutual assistance, and preservation; and a state of enmity, malice, violence and mutual destruction are one from another. Locke and Hobbes are both well known political philosophers. Contrastingly, Locke sees natural law and the state of nature as a place of equality and freedom for all. Peace between states is merely war by other means. They both represented a growing trend in European society in the 17th and 18th centuries to use reason as the final judgment of things, including the conduct of kings. They presumed so much so, that each of the philosophers dedicated the bulk of a novel to discussing their interpretation of human nature.
Every person had the right to do anything they pleased. However, the latter two have transformed Hobbes' concept to fit into their respective perspectives on human nature and society. Impact on Founders Governments must be designed to protect the people from themselves. This, however, is were most of the similarities in opinion end. Although the three philosophers desire the same result through their theories, its practices and use have indicated that there are difference and similarities both present. John Locke and Thomas Hobbes both believed in the Natural Law and the Social Contract Theory. John Locke lived from 1632 till 1704; during his life he founded the School of Empiricism.
Locke on the other hand, saw man by human nature as a social animal and that a moral law kept the individual from lashing out on others. The political process should not be dominated by the state, but should be actively participated in by the population. Second, because Locke advises that the legislative branch or law making and the executive branch or law enforcing be separated so as to prevent abuses and a sense of being above these laws Deutsch, p. Hobbes sees man as being evil, whereas Locke views man in a much more optimistic light. . In the reading, Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes discusses what human existence is in the state of nature and the state of war. The key is that the people have granted this authority to the government and that authority rests in the people.
Funnily enough, while Hobbes views humanity to be more individualistic and Locke's is that we are more communal, it is Locke's idea of inalienable rights that has helped to forward the individual rights movement and advance us to the point we are at today. And, because they go against the freedom of individuals, they are considered fundamental traits of human nature. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both spent much of their lives attempting to identify the best form of government. Individuals exchanged their rights in return for peace, security, and protection from one another. The philosophies of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes influenced Madison in a way that allowed him to have both liberty and order at the same time. While Locke claimed humans were born clean and pure, but it is society that influences the evil.
Second; the purpose of the government is to protect those rights. As it is… 2508 Words 11 Pages Hobbes, Locke and the meaning of the English civil war Thomas Hobbes and john Locke are considered some of the most influential people in Political thought. This is the final check and ultimate limit to government in preserving the liberties that come from natural rights. Hobbes believed in a monarchy over the people for more control in the city. The view Locke had on the state of nature is conceptually different. When you are interested in the more subtle differences between the three, it could prove extremely insightful to read the original or updated versions of works in which Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau outline their respective theories. Disclaimer: This answer only covers so much of the matter.
Without these moral laws there is only self-interest that leads to war. The concept was that people are able to maintain their right to self-preservation by granting the sovereign all of their other rights. In practice morality is for the most part merely a command by some person or group or God, and law merely the momentary will of the ruler. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both have made contributions to modern political science and they both had similar views on where power lies in a society. Where Hobbes believes humans are driven simply by a desire to acquire more that can only be contained through a supreme power, Locke sees people striving to augment their freedom through forming… 1287 Words 6 Pages know how to balance and consider the nature of humankind and their rights.
He refuted it by pointing to existing and real historical examples of people in a state of nature. Citizens cannot delegate their civic duties. Two thinkers who have risen to the forefront of this debate are Thomas Hobbes 1588-1679 and John Locke 1632-1704. It seems that Hobbes opposition to revolution has lived on in the exclusion of this right from the founding document of the United States. The philosophical viewpoints of Locke and Hobbes are, in most cases, in strict opposition of each other.
He studied at Westport Church when he was four years old. This again is another difference in the views between Locke and Hobbes. This is the culture of the land and sharing, of which was born property and the notion of justice. Locke believed in what can be seen as a representative… 1346 Words 6 Pages Contracts Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were two English political philosophers, who have had a lasting impact on modern political science. In 1667, he took up residence with Lord Ashley and moved to London, becoming embroiled in the thick of English politics. If people go about their material lives freely they will come in conflict, and Hobbes regards it as the duty of the state to prevent such conflict.