Two stand out straight away. Macbeth talks to them about their problems and tries to convince them that Banquo is the one to blame for all their complaints. Just mentioning the prospect of not murdering Duncan infuriates Lady Macbeth. Moreover, these ingredients are all the entrails or body parts of loathed animals or human beings, which, taken together, can be interpreted as making a complete monster: tongue, leg, liver, lips, scales, teeth, and so on. Lady Macbeth often accuses her husband of talking but not carrying through his ambitions. Keep in mind that this description of life comes from a man who has just lost his wife, who is guilty of murdering several people, and is under attack by an army of 10,000 men. The result appalls him, drawing all strength from him and reducing his earlier courage.
And yet her very ruthlessness brings about another form of ambiguity, for in swearing to help Macbeth realize the Weird Sisters' prophecy, she must cast off her femininity. Banquo stands as an obstacle, a potential threat to his kingship. After the murder of Duncan, Lady Macbeth chides Macbeth for his lack of masculinity and tells him to forget the deed and move forward as king. Through this euphemism the same message is conveyed to us. All this serves only to enrage Macbeth, who, trusting in his own pride, reveals in an aside to the audience his determination to slaughter the family of Macduff. She is not completely a ruthless psychotic, and she knows the difference between right and wrong.
We can feel the desperation in his tone which suggests their pitiful state. Spoken by a major character, it contains the major themes, motifs and style devices in the play. Be able to demonstrate how the play is mimetic to the ideas expressed in the to include: a. The opportunity arises for Lady Macbeth to murder Duncan, but she decides not to. Students new to Macbeth should be aware of the important motifs in the play, and make notes when they happen upon relevant passages.
The effect of infinite regression can be achieved by looking at a mirror while holding a smaller mirror in your hand in which the reflection is reflected. How much of a push Macbeth needed to turn to murder is not clear. The ambiguity of the Weird Sisters reflects a greater theme of doubling, mirrors, and schism between inner and outer worlds that permeates the work as a whole. The influence of is essential here--lion, fox, his political theories etc. The king follows with Banquo.
You will also need a King James' Bible for tracing scripture allusions. When Macbeth presents the possibility of failure, Lady Macbeth becomes enraged and attacks his cowardliness and manhood. Lady Macbeth is plagued by her desire to become a queen. Reflecting the disruption of nature, the dialogue between Macbeth and Lady in the scene following the murder becomes heavy, graceless, and almost syncopated. Banquo too is loyal but receives no title nor thanks. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth decide to speak again on the issue of the prophecies, Macbeth still uncertain of the need to kill King Duncan. Again with drum and colours, we see Malcolm, Old Siward and son, Macduff, Menteith, Caithness, Angus, Lennox, Ross and Soldiers marching.
Provide a brief outline of the plot. Macbeth Commentary: To be thus is nothing 3. He sees a dagger in mid air that mocks him moments before killing the king. I cannot escape but like a bear must fight my enemies. Recognize the following figures of speech as absolutely essential: a. Ironically, Macbeth reaches his moral high point here, but he does not stay firm. The previous Thane of Cawdor will be executed.
Line references are given in the margin of the Commentary to make it easier for you to move from one to the other. It will also encourage you to think about some of the wider aspects of the play so that you will feel confident about using Hamlet to answer one of the Free-Response Questions. This also tells us that Macbeth is fixed on his motives and is not going to be deterred by anything. In the Spotlight Quote in Context Wither'd murder, Alarum'd by his sentinel, the wolf, Whose howl's his watch, thus with his stealthy pace. Macbeth says they will speak further on the issue.
There are now three murderers instead of the two that met Macbeth in the first scene. This will allow them to murder Duncan and lay the blame on the two drunken bodyguards. Identify any words or phrases not in the footnotes that obscure meaning. In this study guide you will find exhaustive explanatory notes by clicking on a word or line from the play and at the bottom of each scene. Act 1, Scene 1 On a heath in Scotland, three witches, the Weird Sisters, wait to meet Macbeth amidst thunder and lightning. When he swears to commit suicide, he must overcome an enormous resistance from his conscience. Begin to conduct an analysis.
But unlike Hamlet, Macbeth does not have a good reason to kill, nor is the man he kills evil—far from it. Learning from a messenger that King Duncan will stay at their castle, she enthusiastically greets this news, suggesting that she already has plans to kill King Duncan. . Modern studies include: Bloom, Harold. Macbeth fears Banquo is planning a coup to hasten the day of triumph for his heirs. She is ruthless, and her evil accounts for the murders that occur throughout the play Macbeth.
Commentary for Macbeth's Soliloquy To be thus is nothing 3. Menteith, Caithness, Angus, Lennox and Soldiers are all gathered near Macbeth's castle at Dunsinane hill. After Macbeth writes home telling of his murderous plans, Lady Macbeth begins talking to evil spirits. This divided conscience continues to the end of the play, where there is a sense of relief when the soldiers are at his gate. Lady Macbeth at least can acknowledge that the murder is wrong and immoral by calling down darkness to hide her murder. References differ from one edition of the play to another, but not by very much. We hear a women's cry later learning that Lady Macbeth is dead.