Gardner identified eight different intelligences. Categories of Learning Outcomes : Categories ranged from three to eleven and most include some or all of Gagne's 1977 learning categories; intellectual skills, verbal information, motor skills, attitudes, and cognitive strategies. Many adults find themselves in jobs that do not make optimal use of their most highly developed intelligences for example, the highly bodily-kinesthetic individual who is stuck in a linguistic or logical desk-job when he or she would be much happier in a job where they could move around, such as a recreational leader, a forest ranger, or physical therapist. The theory of multiple intelligences proposes a major transformation in the way our schools are run. This theory explains how some rare individual, such as prodigies and savants, may exhibit incredible talents in some areas while being average, or even below average in other skill and ability areas.
In fact, Gardner's colleagues at Project Zero at Harvard University spent years researching the habits of artists at work in their studios to discover how artistic processes may inform best practices in teaching and learning. Howard Gardner is currently Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education and adjunct professor of neurology at the Boston University School of Medicine. That helped set me on the course of investigating human nature, particularly how human beings think. Students learn in ways that are identifiably distinctive. In 1999 Gardner also considered whether a ninth intelligence, , exists. When you enter a math class, you will easily identify them because they are in their element.
It includes the ability to recognize plants, animals, and other parts of the natural environment as well as to see patterns and organizational structures found in nature. The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology 2nd ed. They like reading, playing word games, making up poetry or stories. Rather, because each person varying levels of separate intelligences, a unique cognitive profile would be a better representation of individual strengths and weaknesses, according to this theory. They have sensitivity to rhythm, pitch, meter, tone, melody or timbre. In Demetriou's theory, one of the , Gardner is criticized for underestimating the effects exerted on the various domains of intelligences by the various subprocesses that define overall processing efficiency, such as , , , and underlying and.
Interpersonal Intelligence Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to understand and interact effectively with others. For example, some autistic savants display extraordinary musical or mathematical abilities despite severely impaired language development and social awareness. If a teacher is having difficulty reaching a student in the more traditional linguistic or logical ways of instruction, the theory of multiple intelligences suggests several other ways in which the material might be presented to facilitate effective learning. Developing Bodily Kinesthetic Intelligence This intelligence is seen in physical activity so if you want to develop it, you will need to engage in physical activity. It is evident in psychologist, spiritual leaders, and philosophers.
The theory of multiple intelligences. When a teacher understands all these entry points will help the teacher to present concepts in a manner that is easy to understand for a range of students. Person-related intelligences include both interpersonal and intrapersonal cognitive capacities. While many students function well in this environment, there are those who do not. This second trait is seen in the students who have the ability to skillfully perform tasks using some body parts.
He is currently the senior director of Harvard Project Zero, and since 1995, he has been the co-director of The Good Project. One model advocates a behavioral approach so that media is chosen to elicit responses for practice. Interpersonal Intelligence Interpersonal intelligence is about the ability of a person to interact effectively with others. One such conception is the theory of multiple intelligences proposed by Harvard psychologist Howard Gardner. They are very sensitive to verbal and non-verbal communication hence they have a very good understanding of what other people are feeling. Many of the songs we listen to today rely on instruments to deliver. Gardner elaborates to say that this also includes a sense of timing, a clear sense of the goal of a physical action, along with the ability to train responses.
This is regardless of the fact that others in the group — who were exposed to the same training methods and materials — were able to understand the concept fully in a short time. The process of writing it will help you learn a lot about yourself. He has also opened the door to another possibility — especially that of existential intelligence — but the court is out on that one. The ability to solve problems in a logical and systematic manner can help bring clarity to your thoughts and you will be rewarded with better understanding of the problem hence you will come up with better solutions faster. Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. It is hard to enough to teach even when anything can be taught; what to do if there are distinct limits and strong constraints on human cognition and learning? By helping an individual track and achieve his personal goals, this intelligence is a huge benefit in almost any industry or career path that you might choose to follow. Challenging a millenia-old notion that intelligence is a single kind of human capacity does not necessarily win one friends among the intelligent.
Developing Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence This is one intelligence that is hard to develop because it requires passion and hard work. Bodily Kinesthetic This intelligence is about movements like the name suggests. We esteem the highly articulate or logical people of our culture. Tools include equipment and real objects. Sometimes trying to explain a concept to someone else is the best way to fully understand it. While a learner's intelligence was previously questioned when he or she found it challenging to grasp concepts, the theory pushed educators to recognize that each student has myriad potential.
How to Teach or Learn Anything 8 Different Ways One of the most remarkable features of the theory of multiple intelligences is how it provides eight different potential pathways to learning. As we understand learning styles, it becomes apparent why multimedia appeals to learners and why a mix of media is more effective. Media are better able to assess learners' visual skills than are print media and can be used to assess learner performance in realistic situations. They like movement, making things, touching. New York Review of Books.