The style is the same as task-oriented one. Rather, leaders act as coaches and facilitators to their subordinates. This style is appropriate when the followers lack confidence. The path-goal theory developed by Robert House is based on the expectancy theory of motivation. This participative behavior requires more from a leader as compared to participating with individuals. Directive leaders let subordinates know what is expected of them.
On the other hand, when the role of subordinate and the task structure are ambiguous, i. Subordinate goals are designed to encourage high performance, and supervisors exhibit confidence in employees to motivate them in meeting performance goals. An example of a one being used for this purpose is. In addition, leader behavior is predicted to be motivational to the extent it 1. Some people view leadership as the focus of group processes, some others view it from a personality or skills perspective, to some others leadership is an act or behavior, some school of thought describe leadership in terms of power relationship while some view leadership as a transformational process Northouse, 2012.
Contingent reward behavior includes the clarification of what is expected of followers in order to receive rewards. It can either be active or passive. Also an influential leader in my workplace will be described using the path-goal leadership theory, to elaborate on the styles, behaviors, and effectiveness demonstrated by my leader. The Path- Goal Theory of Leadership was developed to describe the way that leaders encourage. Goal Setter A path-goal manager aims to challenge his subordinates with high-level goals in order to garner the highest level of performance from them.
According to Robert House, the relevance of these theories to the overall success of the organization is skewed. As we have learned so far, there are various degrees of leadership styles and when and where they are best used and therefore most efficient. Follower characteristics are the locus of control, experience, and perceived ability. Based on the work environment of an organization, the following additional styles are proposed. It is essential to understand that human behavior is often based on a series of exchanges, yet the transactional leadership model is too simplistic and offers no explanation for intrinsic motivation. The Path- Goal theory was developed from studies conducted by Robert House Robbins 493.
Subordinates that believe they have a high ability themselves, do not like directive leadership. Communicating in the wrong way can greatly reduce motivation and increase resistance to the transition. Moreover, effective leader will… 2170 Words 9 Pages Path- Goal Theory of Leadership Torey Shannon and There are many theories that are considered relevant when it comes to interpersonal relationships and the roles of leaders in behavioral science. In relation to the Path-Goal Theory, communication issues can arise by utilizing the wrong leadership behavior. As per servant leadership theory, leadership is not viewed as a position of power.
According to Robert House, the relevance of these theories to the overall success of the organization is skewed. He consults his subordinates on important decisions related to work, task goals, and paths to resolve goals. This behavior is predominant when employees are highly personally involved in their work. This style is appropriate when the follower has an ambiguous job. Next Steps Next chapter: Related page: Return to the main References Evans, M. Task and Environmental Characteristics Overcoming obstacles is a special focus of path-goal theory. Supportive Leader Behavior In path-goal theory, the primary concern of the supportive leader behavior is to support a subordinate's psychological well being.
Participative Leader Behavior The participative leader behavior involves leaders consulting with employees regarding preferences in performing job requirements. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies. Personal characteristics of subordinates determine how the environment and leader are interpreted. Achievement-oriented leaders express confidence that subordinates can reach these goals. This behavior is especially needed in situations in which tasks or relationships are psychologically or physically distressing. Life cycle theory of leadership. The path-goal theory is a pragmatic approach that the leader uses to motivate the followers to achieve the set goals.
Path- goal theory contains in itself four leadership styles as directive leadership, supportive leadership, participative leadership. Robert House is an American Psychologist who graduated from Ohio State University with a Ph. The path-goal theory was first introduced by Martin Evans 1970 and then further developed by House 1971. Much has changed since the first television was invented - from black and white to colour televisions. The theory argues that leaders will have to engage in different types of leadership behavior depending on the nature and the demands of a particular situation.