Though the exact words of Pericles' famous and influential Funeral Oration during the Autumn of 430 B. Athens and Sparta had entered into open hostilities together in 431 B. Against this fear is our chief safeguard, teaching us to obey the magistrates and the laws, particularly such as regard the protection of the injured, whether they are actually on the statute book, or belong to that code which, although unwritten, yet cannot be broken without acknowledged disgrace. Pericles gave a few reasons for giving this funeral oration. Lastly, there are few parts of our dominions that have not been augmented by those of us here, who are still more or less in the vigour of life; while the mother country has been furnished by us with everything that can enable her to depend on her own resources whether for war or for peace. Still I know that this is a hard saying, especially when those are in question of whom you will constantly be reminded by seeing in the homes of others blessings of which once you also boasted: for grief is felt not so much for the want of what we have never known, as for the loss of that to which we have been long accustomed.
For all men praise the dead, and, however preeminent your virtue may be, I do not say even to approach them, and avoid living their rivals and detractors, but when a man is out of the way, the honor and goodwill which he receives is unalloyed. There has never been a time when they did not inhabit this land, which by their valor they will have handed down from generation to generation, and we have received from them a free state. Pericles saw this occasion as an opportunity to advance themes broader than commemorations, although certainly lament, consolation, and commemoration of the dead are central to the speech. However, he seems to undermine the speech and urge that deeds are more significant than a mere speech. He held these views to be… 722 Words 3 Pages Abdulaziz Alrediny History Core 102 06 — 05 — 2012 Professor: M.
Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy. When a man is gone, all are wont to praise him, and should your merit be ever so transcendent, you will still find it difficult not merely to overtake, but even to approach their renown. Athenians live as they want to, they want and like to be happy and enjoyed life and the freedoms everyone should endure. Rather, he meticulously frames the crisis at hand through various appeals which will examine in turn. We are lovers of the beautiful, yet simple in our tastes, and we cultivate the arts without loss of manliness.
There is equality for all, even a person with a deformity or poor can serve in a public position. And here is the proof: The Lacedaemonians come into Athenian territory not by themselves, but with their whole confederacy following; we go alone into a neighbor's country; and although our opponents are fighting for their homes and we on a foreign soil, we have seldom any difficulty in overcoming them. It was a happy moment of ancient history when free and prosperous men said things about the human condition which have not been said better since, in my opinion. Pericles considers this bravery to be the truest form of a mans worth. My history is an everlasting possession, not a prize composition which is heard and forgotten. But the palm of courage will surely be adjudged most justly to those, who best know the difference between hardship and pleasure and yet are never tempted to shrink from danger. He took her to live with him as a mistress though they were never formally married, a decision which damaged Pericles' reputation greatly given his support of a law which deemed that children without two Athenian parents could not be granted citizenship in Athens.
Those are normal traits for a human being. To begin, Lincoln and Pericles both express tone in similar ways. On the other hand, if I must say anything on the subject of female excellence to those of you who will now be in widowhood, it will be all comprised in this brief exhortation. Pericles is speaking to the Athenian people who have assembled outside the walls of the city near a large funeral pyre where the bodies have been burned. Though he has not yet mentioned the coming battles or preparations thereof, he is clearly laying out a way of life worth fighting for. We alone do good to our neighbors not upon a calculation of interest, but in the confidence of freedom and in a frank and fearless spirit.
Untold numbers would die and Athens itself would suffer a great plague and an eventual defeat at the hands of the Spartans. Furthermore, hostilities would certainly continue in the next year. Abdulaziz Alrediny History Core 102 06 — 05 — 2012 Professor: M. Its administration favours the many instead of the few; this is why it is called a democracy. And that this is no mere boast thrown out for the occasion, but plain matter of fact, the power of the state acquired by these habits proves.
For myself, I should have thought that the worth which had displayed itself in deeds would be sufficiently rewarded by honours also shown by deeds; such as you now see in this funeral prepared at the people's cost. This novel is about Mathabanes childhood, living in Africa during the during the apartheid period. Pericles had two lovers in his time, the first's name is unknown, but it is known that he divorced her and offered her to another man. The speech had to concerning the lives of the deceased. Usually a son was chosen to give the eulogy.
This line surely earned praise from Pericles' audience, not simply because of his Athenian audience, but the honor it gave to the dead Athenian soldiers. During their time together they had two sons named Paralus and Xanthippus, both of whom died of the plague shortly before Pericles did. He stated that the soldiers who died gave their lives to protect the city of Athens, its citizens, and its freedom. The Peloponnesian war would continue for several years. In proof of this it may be noticed that the Lacedaemonians do not invade our country alone, but bring with them all their confederates; while we Athenians advance unsupported into the territory of a neighbour, and fighting upon a foreign soil usually vanquish with ease men who are defending their homes. It certainly contrasts against the stark, militaristic nature of the Spartans and the indulgent Persian Empire. For Athens alone of her contemporaries is found when tested to be greater than her reputation, and alone gives no occasion to her assailants to blush at the antagonist by whom they have been worsted, or to her subjects to question her title by merit to rule.