A Pressure Group is an organised group that does not put up candidates for election, but seeks to influence government policy or legislation. It wasn't fair for the people to take their land when they bought it for themselves. This is referred to as policy networking. The civil society groups under the leadership of Anna Hazare has exerted maximum pressure on the then Govt. Yet it has great influence over the government because its members provide an important service.
As long as there is some form of influence they create an opportunity to the politically active part of our population to decision makers both directly and indirectly. Pressure groups are an essential dimension of any democracy, yet they can endanger democracy if sectional groups undermine the public interest or if the methods they use are corrupt or intimidating. However, pressure groups are seen as very democratic when it comes to participation, and how they are making many more people partake in politics, and make politics more aware to people. Personally, I think it can only be a step forward when more people have the opportunity to speak their mind, this is the beauty of living in a society with free speech and free press — everyone gets a say. Another reason for why pressure groups could be bad for democracy is that there is unequal distribution of resources between groups, and unequal influence between different groups.
Pressure groups are therefore important because firstly they prevent excessive accumulations of power and to ensure that government remains accountable to the people. Since mid 1990'spressure group in India try to influence all major national party. Large-scale demonstrations mounted by any group may lead to unpleasant clashes without the police, sometimes involving militants with their own agenda. Whether it is a sectional group, campaigning for personal gain, or a cause group, working towards a specific cause, they all possess strongly held views and wish to influence some aspect of society. There are several ways pressure groups can be seen to enhance democracy such as educating the electorate on important social issues, holding the government to account and increasing participation in politics.
Ø influence being shifted from negative to positive - In India pressure group initially influence negatively as preventing nationalization of rice trade, food grain, increase in land tax etc. Pressure groups also offer alternative view points and widen information available to the public. The capacity of pressure groups is determined by leadership, organizational abilities, mass media, economic power base and mobilizations technique. However, the majority of pressure groups stay true to the function of participation and in many cases bring about change in the government. However liberal democracies may be analysed more critically using theoretical frameworks based around the ideas of Marxism, Elitism, Corporatism and the New Right and we shall find also that conclusions about pressure groups and democracy also vary according to the analytical frameworks used to analyse pressure group activity.
Pressure groups improve the quality of government. Furthermore, party politicians are made accountable for their actions through the electoral process and through representative institutions; which is seen as vey democratic. Another way that pressure groups can be a threat to democracy is that decision makers have their own. Pressure groups improve participation, but in an unequal way, benefiting the well organised but disadvantaging the weakly organised. The existence of rival pressure groups for example supporting or opposing the increased use of nuclear power, liberalisation of abortion regulations or the war in Iraq will help to ensure that both sides of these controversial issues can be fully debated.
Everyone from sectional interests inevitably gain funds whereas charities have to get their funds from the public. A pressure group is an association of people having common interests who try to achieve that object by influencing the government. Governments and political parties tend to concentrate power in the hands of one leader David Cameron, Ed Milliband, Nick Clegg etc. They are part of the wider political process. They focus on particular issues or areas of concern and can become involved in policy making by organising campaigns, sending letters, organising demonstrations and signing petitions.
Letter writing campaigns are used to give an idea of how many people are supporting the campaign though a bit old fashioned, much like petitioning its rather affective. Trade unions have often been criticised for this, particularly in the 1980s. Compatibility — of the objectives with that of the government. And also, answer questions such as to whom, for what is business responsible and how are those responsibilities defined. On the South Korean side the people live in a democracy, whereas on the North Korean side the people live in an authoritarian regime. This ensures that no group or interest can remain dominant permanently.
However, a low turn out in elections is not a good sign of democracy. In the first instance of answering this question, we need to find out the two types of pressure groups; elitist pressure groups and pluralist pressure groups. The anti vivisection group has a reasonably large membership, yet the vast majority of the public support animal testing for medical purposes. Pressure groups also sometimes have unrealistic aims and this can lead the electorate to feel that the government are not handling situations correctly. Pressure groups promote debate and argument making the public more informed on issues and decisions they wish to have an influence on.
The result of these democracies was generally a disadvantage to the cities concerned and they reverted to broadly-based oligarchies as a safer form of government in such an unstable environm … ent. How do pressure groups limit democracy? The Role of the People The key role of citizens in a democracy is to participate in publiclife. Campaigning raises funds for and inevitably resources for that cause. Words: 839 - Pages: 4. In short, the pressure groups cause the legislators, or ministers or bureaucrats to act in a particular way by offering arguments or employing other techniques as the case may be.
In the of democracy, pressure groups play an essential role. Ø Linguistic groups -These pressure groups promote certain languages. It is good to share. Peer pressure is defined by social pressure from members of one's peer group to take a certain action, adopt certain values, or otherwise conform in order to be accepted. There are of course a lot of negatives about pressure groups including elitism and size but they are also pluralist which is great for democracy. In a democratic government the people vote in order to represent their views on an issue. He is its founder, editor-in-chief, and director.