Introduction Change in land use along the River Tees The River Tees begins high up in the Pennines and follows an easterly course towards the North Sea. Changes in the river downstream are also a result of changes in the processes at work — erosion, transport and deposition. Oxbow lakes have formed in some areas. This too broadens the flood plain, creating a line of river bluffs at the edge of the flood plain. The flood plain either side of the river is very fertile and as a result is used for intensive agriculture.
It is a regulating reservoir, storing water in times of plenty and releasing enough for the needs of industry in times of low flow. The lateral erosion by the meanders and the occasional floods build up a wide, flat flood plain on either side of the river. Erosion is still on-going at this point in the river, but there is also some deposition due the velocity of the water decreasing slightly with the gradient. What map clues now suggest that we are in the middle course? Settlement first developed within the meanders for defensive reasons: but this has restricted growth in recent times in the town of Yarm In the lower course of the river it opens into the Tees Estuary: there is a lot of deposition evidenced by mud flats at low tide. The river tees is a complex river. Cow Green holds 41 million cubic metres of water.
The valley also gets wider. Eventually the oxbow lake dries up and a meander scar is formed. There are birds from chickadees to owls and hawks f … eeding on seeds, berries, rodents and insects. On the outside bend of the river the water is deeper and flows more quickly. At High Force, the waterfall and its gorge of recession have been formed over millions of years. These have better liaison with the Meteorological Office, police and other emergency services. Oil and gas are brought ashore from the fields in the North Sea.
The land has also been used to store water at Cow Green Reservoir for the villages further down the river and a quarry built for building roads, using the whinstone grit which is an igneous rock. Nearing the river mouth the river meanders in large loops across its flat tood plain it is 30km as the crow flies from Darlington to Teesmouth but the river travels 75km It used to be longer but several of the meanders were cut off in the nineteenth century to shorten the journey for boats navigating the river up to Stockton and Yarm. Yarm and Stockton and there are motorways and a railway can be found. River Tees, in northeastern , rising on Cross Fell in the northern and flowing 70 miles 110 km east to the. Figure 2: The waterfall at High Force Series 16 Summer issue Unit 330 River Landforms: the River Tees © 2005 Nelson Thornes This page may be photocopied for use within the purchasing institution only.
Animals in a temperate forest have evolved adaptations that enable them to survive frigid winter snows; some migrate and others burrow or hibernate. The mouth of the River Tees The mouth of the River Tees is an estuary. What is the 6-figure grid reference for High Force waterfall? The land here is susceptible to flooding from the North Sea. Louis, Missouri, and the middle Mississippi, a relatively free-flowing river downstream of the confluence with the Missouri River at St. Upstream from the Barrage was tidal … prior to construction. Where the river meets its final destination at the North Sea the land is extremely flat and has provided an ideal site for heavy industry, which developed during the Industrial Revolution.
Employment opportunities are also restricted to mainly agriculture and forestry related jobs; as a result the population density in this part of the river valley is extremely low. During flooding the force of the current cuts across narrow bends, making the river shift to the new channel. The middle course has meanders such as those around the town of Yarm. The mouth of the River Tees is an estuary. On the outside of the meander, the water moves faster , the river is deeper and erosion occurs.
The source lies high up in the Pennines close to Cross Fell 893 metres above sea level. In the lower course, The River Tees has a large estuary with mudflats and sandbanks. The river is turbulent and the riverbed is rocky, this has caused rapids and High Force, which is the highest waterfall in England. Its source area is high in the Pennines in the west and the river flows eastwards into the North Sea. Conclusion These changes have affected the extent of settlement as well as the land use along the river. There is more erosion than deposition due to rocks being heavy, causing them to be dragged along the river bed rather than dropped at the side. The rainfall reaches the river quickly because the slopes are steep and very little water can infiltrate due to the impermeable rocks and saturated peat.
In the upper course there is the famous High Force waterfall Figure 2 and gorge as well as rapids and potholes. As the River Tees reaches its middle course lateral erosion overtakes verticle erosion and is evidenced by winding meanders. The land has few uses other than for sheep faming as it is of a poor quality. By the way the source elevation is 760km 2500 feet. Human Factors The Tees Barrage forms an artificial barrier between the Tees Estuary and the upstream catchment. Overall, rivers are important because they can allow a variety of human activities to occur depending on the type of surrounding landscape. In the future due to climate change this number is expected to increase to 11,230.
The less resistant limestone has been eroded away leaving the rapids. It can hold back water during times of flood. During the Ice Age vast amounts of water were stored as snow and ice. An area of hard rock, called Whin Sill or Whinstone , is located above a layer of soft rocks sandstone and shale and together they create the waterfall. Seals can often be seen on Seal Sands. F The hard cap rock overhangs.