Supporting tissues in animals. Tissue (biology) 2019-02-17

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Skeletons

supporting tissues in animals

Two types of cells occur. After about the fifth year the red bone marrow is gradually replaced in the long bones by yellow bone marrow. It brings plasma protein macromolecules synthesized in the liver cells and hormones produced in the endocrine glands to the blood. Structure known as simple pits are available in low thicken areas just like schlerenchyma tissues. Skeletal muscle cells can contract by the attachment of myosin to actin filaments in the muscle, which then ratchets the actin filaments toward the center of the cells. Rays, unlike vessel members and tracheids, are alive at functional maturity.

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Skeletons

supporting tissues in animals

Probably the most complicated and technically advanced of all the systems listed here, the immune system is responsible for distinguishing an animal's native tissues from foreign bodies and pathogens like viruses, bacteria, and parasites, and for mobilizing immune responses, whereby various cells, proteins, and enzymes are manufactured by the body to destroy the invaders. Adipose tissue is composed of cells called adipocytes that collect and store fat in the form of triglycerides for energy metabolism. So these cells are adapted to provide extra structural support and mechanical energy to the plant. Most of the cell is occupied by striated, thread-like. Typical examples are the fibres of many Gramineae, Agaves sisal: , lilies or Phormium tenax , Musa textilis and others. The matrix often has very fine white fibres which are difficult to observe.

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The 12 Animal Organ Systems and Their Functions

supporting tissues in animals

These porous connections are called sieve plates. Although both tissues share the same function, they show different location in the body plant and their cell walls have different structure and texture. The parent cells of the vascular cambium produce both xylem and phloem. Mammalian erythrocytes lose their nuclei and mitochondria when they are released from the bone marrow where they are made. The strength of tissues protects also against enemies.

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The 12 Animal Organ Systems and Their Functions

supporting tissues in animals

Brown fat found in those mammals which have an oxidation power 20 times more than that of yellow fat because brown fat cells are loaded with a large number of mitochondria. Internally, there may be bars of wall material extending across the open space. If not, why do so many of us get fatter as we age? When these tissues are situated outside the soft parts, the animal is said to possess an exoskeleton. The vertebrate skeleton is made up of the axial skeleton —the skull, vertebral column, and related structures and the appendicular skeleton which consists of limbs or appendages. The animals that belong to Phylum Chordata are all vertebrates in addition to human beings. It absorbs and transports fat and fat soluble vitamins from the intestine.


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WAEC and JAMB Biology 7 : Tissues and supporting system

supporting tissues in animals

Platelets participate in the stages leading up to coagulation of the blood to stop bleeding through damaged blood vessels. An osteocyte is surrounded by a fluid-filled space, the bone lacuna, which leads into fine radiating channels, the canaliculi minute canals. Plants are one of the very important thing for the earth to become survivable due to the and all other benefits provided by them. Trunks are stable enough to resist the wind's pulling. The adaptation of the skeleton to a terrestrial environment The two major requirements for survival on land are the development of a suitable support system and an air breathing mechanism. The three main types of loose connective fibers include collagenous, elastic, and reticular fibers.

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ANIMAL TS TYPES

supporting tissues in animals

Translocation of food solutions throughout the plant is done by the sieve tubes which are long and have a tube like structure. Once nutrients are broken down by the digestive system and are absorbed, they need to be distributed to various organs and tissues in the body to replace energy being expended. Transitional Epithelia Transitional or uroepithelial cells appear only in the urinary system, primarily in the bladder and ureter. It enables the collenchyma cells to stretch in synchrony with the other cells without spoiling the toughness of the tissue. Invertebrate skeletons, nonetheless, demonstrate far more disparity in position, morphology, and materials used to assemble them. All salts constitute about 0. The inner lining of the heart, all blood and lymphatic vessels — derived from mesoderm.

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Tissues

supporting tissues in animals

In fact it forms packing nearly in all organs. B Adipose Tissue: It is a fat stor­ing connective tissue. They are formed by end to end fusion of sieve tube elements. Animals with exoskeleton possess a head and abdomen and in a number of cases, a thorax. The matrix is not secreted by the cells present in it. These cells have an important property of osmotic property. The pit pairs allow water to pass from cell to cell.

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Skeletons in Animals

supporting tissues in animals

These cells store fat in the form of triglycerides. Protein fibers provide elasticity while minerals provide elasticity. Ruminant mammals such as cows have four stomachs in order to efficiently digest fibrous plants. Fibres are generally long, slender, so-called prosenchymatous cells, usually occuring in strands or bundles. The Earthworm which is an annelid has no bone.

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Plant tissues. Support. Atlas of plant and animal histology.

supporting tissues in animals

Mainly present in the inner surface of hallow organs like trachea, bronchi, genital ducts, brain ventricles, and fallopian tubules. Connective tissue fibers and matrix are synthesized by specialized cells called fibroblasts. Carbon dioxide combines with potassium carbonate of the red blood corpuscles to form potassium bicarbonate in the presence of an enzyme carbonic anhydrase. Phloem Tissue Sieve tubes, parenchyma, sclereidons, fibers and are the 5 types of Phloem tissue. Animals obtain oxygen from their environment with their respiratory systems: the lungs of land-dwelling vertebrates gather oxygen from the air, the gills of ocean-dwelling vertebrates filter oxygen from the water, and the exoskeletons of invertebrates facilitate the free diffusion of oxygen from the water or the air into their bodies. We become fatty when our body cells accumulate fat globules.

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