It's what drives Tom to strike the dealwith the Devil and the reason he continues to cheat the poor,despite having accumulated an impressive sum of money already. The older Tom grows, however, the more thoughtful he becomes, especially about the afterlife. Symbols, like the swamp for the wrong path in life, the Indian fort for hell and the Bible for salvation, reinforce his message. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website! Tom Walker, a greedy, selfish of a man, cherishes money along with his shrewish and equally greedy wife. However Tom might have felt disposed to sell himself to the devil, he was determined not to do so to oblige his wife; so he flatly refused out of the mere spirit of contradiction. Foreshadowing- Tom goes through the forest and chooses the shortest path home. Later in the story, Tom symbolizes hypocrisy when he is attending church but still collecting mortgages.
This gives the reader an insight into the selfishness and greed of the characters, Tom Walker and his wife. His trip to Germany gave him an opportunity to investigate and gather up German folklore at first-hand. When Tom is away, she takes all their valuables in and goes to make a deal with Old Scratch. Greed and misery are two nouns that come hand in hand. Warfare is an even more extreme expression of human greed than usury money-lending , and it also results, ultimately, in nothing but ruins, as the fort bears witness to. In the story Absalom Crowninshield Was found dead after Tom Walker saw his name on a tree that was burning in Old Scratchs forest.
Works Cited Applebee, Arthur N. Ironically, the actually sinful Absalom is venerated in death as something of a pious man. Becoming a member of the local , Tom buys a big house and a coach but furnishes neither, even though he has the money he is so miserly that he even half-starves his horses. In exploiting the vulnerable, Tom is acting all the more immorally. This story uses a lot of imagery and alliteration to help describe the forest and Tom's house.
The passage infers indirectly that he only think of looks and not inner contents, making him despised in the reader's eyes. He had left his little Bible at the bottom of his coat-pocket, and his big Bible on the desk buried under the mortgage he was about to foreclose: never was sinner taken more unawares. Also, the swamp is a symbol for Hell; it is a place of evil and no one wants to go there. It is especially through the characters of Tom and his wife, however, that Irving depicts the moral harms of greed, which sours, corrupts, and ruins the lives of the greedy themselves, and creates strife in the lives of those around them. Is Tom brave for going into the woods? A black man was holding a black horse which neighed and stamped with impatience. Back home, he tells his wife whattranspired in the woods, and she is outraged that he passed up theopportunity for them to gain great wealth in exchange for his soul. During this time, he showed interest in reading and writing Washington.
This is during a time of scarcity, a time of paper credit: under Governor Belcher, the country had recently been deluged with government bills, people were receiving parcels of land to develop by the Land Bank, investors were betting wildly on this and that, settlers had gone mad with schemes to build cities in the wilderness. The german experience taught him the technique of combining and recombining these materials to form new tales. Death, mourning, grave yards and stuff. Emphasis will be placed on all four components of language acquisition: reading, writing, listening and speaking, as well as the culture of Spanish-Speaking countries through daily activities in the classroom, projects and presentations. Old Scratch strikes a deal with Tom Walker, offering the riches hidden in the swamp by in exchange for a great price, which is often thought to be his soul. Because Tom sold his soul to the Devil, he wasn't religious, but acting like he was made him a hypocrite.
Old Scratch is given several names in the story, including wild huntsman and black woodsman. He became, therefore, all of a sudden, a violent churchgoer. He made a deal with the devil to protect the treasure, but was never able to return to it, as he was captured and taken to England to be hanged as a pirate. He carries a Bible everywhere he goes in hopes of warding off Old Scratch. The contrast is that by the end of the story he had a realistic view of the deal he had just made, now his hopes for joy diminished and the fear of the danger he put himself in the beginning as he tries to find a way to save himself from hell. Tom assumes she had died when he found her apron with her heart and liver. This, of course, does not work when one morning - with his Bible under a stack of mortgages - Tom opens the door to find a black horse and a black man who says, 'Tom, you're come for.
. Old Scratch appears as a or a chopping trees, each with a prominent and wealthy colonialist's name branded on the trunk. It originated in and traveled through Europe, inspiring its writers. Tom has been asking for damnation all along, after all. Tom decides to sell his soul to the devil and go against his beliefs and influences. He sits down on a log to rest and is confronted by a soot-faced man who is identified as Old Scratch. That legend goes like this.
In his stable are found not two half-starved horses but skeletons. While he has no scruples in selling himself to Old Scratch for the treasure, he does not wish to do so for his wife's sake. On the bark of the tree was scored the name of Deacon Peabody, an eminent man, who had waxed wealthy by driving shrewd bargains with the Indians. When he heard about the buried treasure, he tries to stay strong but falls prey to his greed for money and riches. He is the Devil; described as a black man, but neither Negro nor Indian.