Part One Chapter 1 The chapter opens with the introduction of the narrator, Scout Jean Louise Finch, her older brother Jem Jeremy , and their friend and neighbor, Dill Charles Baker Harris. We see Scout walk away from one fight, only to get into another. When Scout begins cursing, Uncle Jack tells her this is something she shouldn't do if she wants to grow up to be a lady. Jem tells Scout not to worry about it and to stop pestering Aunt Alexandra. The jury learned that Tom was 25 years old, had 3 kids and a wife, and worked for Mr. The children's attempts to connect with Boo evoke, again, the sense that children will be able to see Boo with more decency and sincerity than the rest of the populace. In the confusion, she did not notice at the time when it happened.
Jem thinks that the jury decided quickly, but Atticus reminds him that it took a few hours, which is much longer than usual. Blacks aren't judged on their own merits, but on their relationships with the white folks in town, just as the mudman isn't something to be admired until he is a white snowman. Their ancestor, a Methodist named Simon Finch, fled British persecution and eventually settled in Alabama, where he trapped animals for fur and practiced medicine. Although Atticus does not reveal the details of the case, we can conclude that the Ewell family has accused Tom Robinson of committing a crime. Dill begins to cry, and Scout takes him out of the courtroom. Where a person comes from — his ancestry — is important, and like many small towns, Maycomb's citizens are suspicious of outsiders. Unsurprisingly, Scout is as unhappy in second grade as she was in first, but Jem promises her that school gets better the farther along one goes.
Radley replies that he plugged the knothole because the tree is dying. Jem and Scout are sent to wait in front of the Radleys' while the fire is still raging. She also has to put up with the prim and proper Alexandra, who insists that Scout dress like a lady instead of wearing pants. The two try to resolve exactly what separates and distinguishes the categories of white people. Summary: Chapter 11 On the way to the business district in Maycomb is the house of Mrs. Atticus thinks there's a good chance he'll be spared execution by having his sentence commuted by the governor.
His arm was injured in a cotton gin, a machine used primarily by slaves, and later, poor black workers in the cotton fields. The note will ask him to come out sometimes and tell them what he's doing inside, and that they won't hurt him and will buy him ice cream. The school system, as represented by Miss Caroline, is well-intentioned, but also somewhat powerless to make a dent in patterns of behavior which are deeply ingrained in the town's social fabric. Jem finally agrees to do this. Miss Maudie is the most unbiased and supportive of these three women, though Calpurnia becomes much more sympathetic as time goes by. The chapter ends with Atticus surprising the eavesdropping Scout by telling her to go to bed.
Ewell's threat, and tells his worried children that Mr. Also, Atticus reveals that he learned that the one jury member who kept everyone out so long was a Cunningham who defended Tom's innocence. Novels that deal with the formation of a maturing character are called bildungsroman or coming-of-age stories. As he points out, Mayella wants to protect herself by placing her guilt on Tom, knowing that her actions will bring about his death because the jury will believe her, a white woman, and not him, a black man. Glossary aberrations a deviation from the normal or the typical. Despite everything that has happened, Miss Maudie is in good spirits the next day.
The Cunninghams are not all necessarily illiterate and ignorant because of a lack of intelligence, but because they are subject to a system which subverts their chances of receiving a good education. Scout tries to persuade him that it would be better to get whipped by Atticus than to be shot and killed by Mr. Tom said that he felt sorry for Mayella. Flick - and the house was still. The three try to start a few games, but quickly get bored. Lee subtly and masterfully drives this point home by having the children create a nearly exact replica of Mr. Chapter 3 Jem invites Walter Cunningham over for lunch when he finds out that the boy doesn't have any food.
Typically, a case like Tom's would be settled in a matter of minutes. Apparently the black cooks and field hands in town were discontented during the week after the trial. Whereas the beginning of the novel focuses largely on Jem and Scout's childhood and their obsession with Boo, the trial gradually begins to take over. Ewell's children or Miss Maudie's flowers is more important than observing the strictest codes. However, Tom, Scout, and Jem, could also be considered mockingbirds as well. Readers get the impression that Uncle Jack is less upset by Scout's language than by the fact that a girl is using that kind of language.
From Meridian, Mississippi, Dill will be spending the summer at the nearby house of Miss Rachel Haverford, his aunt. Aunt Alexandra has ladies over for a meeting of the Missionary Society of Maycomb, and keeps Scout in attendance in order for her to learn to be a lady. The fire itself is symbolic of the upcoming conflicts that Scout and the community will face. It also shows how Maycomb treats those who are different. Chapter 4 School continues; the year goes by.
Suddenly Atticus enters the house and requests Aunt Alexandra and Calpurnia's presence in the kitchen. Just as Chapter 12 gives insight into black society in Maycomb, Chapter 24 gives insight into white women's society. All the black people in the balcony rise to their feet to honor Atticus as he passes them. The Gray Ghost One in a series of pulp fiction novels written in 1926 by Robert Schulkers. Similarly, Scout and Jem will learn the full importance of justice later in the book through the trial of Tom Robinson, where justice is withheld and denied to a black man. The legacy of slavery cripples Tom in court and in his everyday life, just as his actual injury is a constant burden for him.