Thus, many scholars believe that fixing the problems of street children depend on addressing the causal factors of their situations. This demonstrates the importance of not rejecting their responses as being unreliable, but the need to explore further what they are trying to say. However, they have alternatives to finance their needs through possibility of savings, access to loans, borrowing, and they also may consider selling some assets Collins et al, 2009 and this money can be used to access to health care services. Additionally, street children usually come from female-headed households. Employers that would not mistreat the children often will not hire them because they are seen as too great of a risk. Social Network As mentioned earlier, street children depend on peer groups as their social network for their protection, support and solidarity.
I am a staunch lobbyst for vulnerable children who are neglected and ignored. Girls form just 10-15% of street children, probably because of alternative strategies open to them such as mothering younger siblings, domestic employment, and prostitution. The first is the economic stress and poor conditions that families face due to industrialization and urbanization. Some may live in a temporary constructed hut or the house of their employer. These children have a home to return to and do not usually sleep on the streets. Particularly in developing countries, these organizations have been working in very impoverished communities for many years, they have developed good networks among the street children and, in some cases won the respect, trust and support of their local communities. Because they have no social status and no adults to protect them, street children identify being physically threatened and intimidated by adults as the one factor that contributes most to the misery of living on the streets.
Majority of street children work. Within their peer group sex is used for pleasure and comfort as well as to exert power and establish dominance, sometimes in ritualised gang rape. Many of the street children who have run away from home have done so because they were beaten or sexually abused. The number of homeless people in Finland was cut in half after 10 years. Additionally, most street children do not have winter clothing, leaving them more vulnerable to illness during the winter. Governments For years many governments sought to discipline street children by imprisoning them. Age wise 40% of the street children are between 11-15 years while another 33% are between 6-10 years age group.
Several related economic, social, and political factors have been linked with the phenomenon of street children. The economic, political, and social reform process is under way and is making a positive contribution to the emergence of a nonracial, democratic society, committed to uplifting the broad underprivileged and deprived masses in South Africa. Then she started to sleep with the man next door and they used to skel every day. In the same study of street children in Bombay, 29. Children flee to the streets, due to many reasons, and end up leading a treacherous life.
Figure 1 omitted Figures in Cape Town differ only slightly. But a real estate bubble can only happen in the way that it did when Fractional Reserve banking allows banks collectively to lend out more money than they have. These children often stick together, in groups of two or three, looking out for each other. Nevertheless — for example in India- some slums are legally accepted and recognized by the government, and provided with these services Loughhead et al. The street children and children running away from home are connected. Children at these centres learn skills such as jewellery-making and tailoring which can prove more valuable to them than additional formal schooling. According to street children fall under two categories: On the street and Of the street.
Girls are different from boys in forming their security groups. In addition to fulfilling their material needs, we seek to provide a warm and caring atmosphere. An Indian government study in 2007 stated that two out of every three children in India were physically abused and that 50% of the nearly 12,000 studied children testified one or more forms of sexual abuse. Despite this, they tend not to inspire much compassion from the ruling and monied classes, but are usually further marginalized and discriminated against. Full time school education and specific vocational skills Work skills such as market gardening and making small goods for sale 4. Gender discrimination is particularly evident in education where boys are more likely to attend school and to do so for more years.
However, the informal sector has some disadvantages that affect the poor, such as absence of social insurance and vulnerability to economic shocks Baker, 2008. Because of the low pay from employers, street children in India often choose to be self-employed or work multiple jobs. Drug use by children on the streets is common as they look for means to numb the pain and deal with the hardships associated with street life. Child Marriage is another way in which girls are disadvantaged. Unstable political transitions, such as the end of Communism in Eastern Europe , caused unprecedented numbers of street children due to inadequate social security for the poor and those formerly State supported.
Many homeless children are enticed by adults and older youth into selling drugs, stealing, and prostitution. These are children who cut ties with their families and live alone on the streets. In 1992, the United Nations issued a Resolution on the Plight of Street Children, expressing concern over the emergence and marginalization of street children, and the acts of violence against them. While their lives have been of genuine concern to some, it is more likely that they have been exploited and marginalized; used as cheap and expendable labour, for sex and for criminal acts. It is the second and third category of children who are most vulnerable as they are easy victims of abuse, and inhuman treatment.