Serajuddin Hossain endured enormous hardship. The power of taxation and revenue collection shall be vested in the federating units and the federal centre will have no such power. The establishment of federation on the basis of labor resolution and a Parliamentary govt. The first pamphlet on the Six Point Movement had listed Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Tajjudin Ahmed as authors. He was thrown in jail. He created pressure to include his proposal in the agenda of the conference.
Notwithstanding the deliberate distortions of our political history over a period of almost thirty years, the fact remains that the six-point movement is a milestone in the history of our struggle for independence. Students of the University of Dhaka and other institutions gathered on the university premises on 4 February and warned the government to withdraw its proposal to write Bengali in Arabic script, and insisted on the recognition of Bengali. Background Following the end of in the , the new state of Pakistan came into being. A separate paramilitary force shall be set up for East Pakistan. The Indo-Pak War of 1965 ended with the execution of Taskent Treaty. Further, the Boundary Commission headed by Sir Cyril Radcliffe decided on the territorial demarcation between the two newly created provinces.
The Six Point Program of Sheik Mujibur Rahman ignited that fire. An embattled Awami League called a general strike hartal on June 7, 1966 in the province to generate support for the Six Points and call for the release of its detained leaders. The vast geographical area of these three administrative units was the wetland of Brahmaputra River and its distributaries covered with tall grasses and at that time uninhabitable by humans. Bengalee civil servants, army, businessmen, and industrialists who were suffering under the colonial rule of West Pakistan found in the Six Point Program a death nail to exploitation, unfairness, and injustice. Although Ayub Khan's diabolical regime had used various brutal and punitive measures against the proponents, organisers and supporters of the six-point formula, the six-point anchored mass upsurge in 1966 had seriously impacted and conditioned the subsequent political developments in Pakistan. They rejected the proposal of Bangabandhu. Right of taxation will be in the hands of federation state, sigh center receiving a fixed portion.
The autonomy proposal of the Grand National Convention was adopted in 1954 by the United Front comprising major political parties in their Twenty-One Point charter. His goal was to elicit political dividends. A section of students ran into the Dhaka Medical College while others rallied towards the university premises cordoned by the police. It has not been an exercise in improvement. Furthermore, a separate Banking Reserve should be established and separate fiscal and monetary policy be adopted for East Pakistan. By this time Jim Crow laws were well in effect; the South and Southwest were plagued by racial discrimination and segregation. At home in East Pakistan, politicians not in the Awami League turned on Sheikh Mujibur Rahman over what they considered to be an ill-conceived programme of political action.
The constitution should provide for a Federation of Pakistan in its true sense on the Lahore Resolution and the parliamentary form of government with. There should be two separate accounts for the foreign exchange earnings of the two wings; the foreign exchange requirements of the federal government should be met by the two wings equally or in a ratio to be fixed; indigenous products should move free of duty between the two wings, and the constitution should empower the units to establish trade links with foreign countries. Despite the media censorship, the hartal was observed in totality throughout East Pakistan, a fact reinforced by the deaths of a number of individuals through police firing. Foreign trade would also be under the authority of the provincial government. He also published op-editorials debunking the anti-Bengalee propaganda spewed by the newspapers belonging to anti-independence political parties like Jamaat-e Islami and Muslim League. Many people were killed in pitched battles between protesters and the army followed by a general uprising on Feb 15. Sheikh Mujib was put in jail in early May, 1966.
P which is a news agency. To the old grievances of economic disparity added the complain of negligence and indifference of central government towards the defence of East Pakistan. Mizanur Rahman Chowdhury and Amena Begum played a highly visible and prominent role as they prepared the demoralized party for the strike. For his contributions as a journalist to the language, autonomy and independence movements, and his leadership role as a mentor and guide to journalists, he was posthumously honoured by the Bangladesh Government with Ekushey Padak, the second highest civilian award, in 1977. The spectacular success of the six-point movement in 1966 had prompted the ruling coterie of Pakistan to discredit the organisers of this movement. Powers of taxation and revenue collection shall vest in the federating units, with the federal government to be provided with its share of taxes through levies of a certain percentage from all state taxes; 5.
By a quarter past eleven, students gathered at the university gate and attempted to break the police line. The central government of Pakistan dubbed it as a demand for the separation of the Eastern wing from the rest of the country, and launched a propaganda campaign which called for a strong central government and decried the autonomists. The six-point plan had envisaged, among other things, a full-blown federal form of Government based on the 1940 Lahore Resolution, a parliamentary system of government directly elected by the people on the basis of adult franchise, two separate currencies or two reserve banks for the two wings of Pakistan, and a para-military force for East Pakistan. In her celebrated book, Pakistan: Failure in National Integration The University Press, 1994, pp. East Pakistan should have a separate militia or paramilitary force. In order to thwart an anti-government political movement, on Jan 7 the ruling military junta of Pakistan incited a violent reaction using its criminal and racist operatives in Narayanganj and Dhaka. The cycle of diminishing demands was replaced by more radical approach of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in his Six Point Program.
He then enunciated a 'six-point charter of survival' program for East Pakistan Talukder Maniruzzaman, National Integration and Political Development in Pakistan, Asian Survey, Vol. On the following day the newspapers of West Pakistan published reports on the Six- point programme, and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was projected as a separatist. However, before launching a full-fledged mass movement for realizing his six-point demands, Sheikh Mujib had initiated some strategic intra-party measures. Alongside this, another quarter believes that the 6 points were prepared by a group of leftist politicians of India. Defying the conventional wisdom of safety while living under marauding hostile enemy, this brave soldier of the Bangladesh Liberation War published translated news from the Urdu dailies from West Pakistan reporting strikes and demonstrations taking place in West Pakistan. Serajuddin Hossain on the stage with Bangabandhu.