Stalker 2003 notes that risk tends to relate to vulnerability in older people, to dangerousness in offenders and to harm in children. For example, a parent who is abusing a child may initially denythat the abuse is occurring. Beginning in the 1980s, there was widespread discussion about how to go about creating tools to achieve this aim. What external resources are needed to combat the problem? A safety assessment is the systematic collection of information on threatening family conditions and current, significant, and clearly observable threats to the safety of the child or youth. It may have been logical and certainly more conventional to sequence the issue according to traditional social work practice and client group domains: children and families, older people, adults and so on. Formative assessments are developmental and used to shape and enhance student learning, interventions, or new programs. Issues in risk assessment in child protective services: A policy white paper.
Both can involve feedback from clients, staff, etc. It may be useful to consider using this framework in conjunction with , , , or. For the purpose of student learning the standard is then divided into key elements which underpin sound social work assessment practice. How do you carry out a risk assessment? This early text introduces a new methodology related to social work assessment and intervention: learning from cases. The grounds for the emergency protection order are much easier to prove. Turning to the contents of the special issue, there is a fascinating range of perspectives in evidence, with a mix of papers based on primary empirical research, on secondary review and concept pieces. It is implied either that the approach to assessment is determined by a given independent factor, or variable, or that a given approach to assessment is particularly suited to that variable.
Hepworth and Larsen noted that assessment continues to occur even during thetermination phase. It acknowledged that personalising independently provided services meant possibly less regulation and therefore, arguably, greater risk. Risk assessment in child welfare: The art and science. The Risk Assessment structures information across the various sections, and this information can be drawn together as a Reason for Decision summary. Threshold for Child Protection S.
However, in our view, more interesting—and more fitting with our aims for the volume to engage critically with the relationship between social work and risk—was to organise papers in such a way as to problematise that relationship as far as possible across rather than within particular areas of social work practice. An assessment is an ongoing process, not a one-off event. To bring about improvement, we must develop systems that support and promote among social workers the critical reasoning required to work with complexity and uncertainty. . The structured clinical judgement approach combines clinical and actuarial methods to enable both assessment and management of risk.
Each chapter explores the current legislative and guidance frameworks, and briefly discusses risk assessment tools and any variations in practice, before discussing the overall messages from the literature. This then informs the advice that the police may give. First, the paper seeks to bridge the gap that exists between theory and practice by identifying and conceptualising how risk operates in shaping social work practice at an everyday level. Field education provides unique opportunities for students to both further develop and be assessed on their skills development. The focus on risk in policy and practice has increasingly profound implications for the rights of many service users and therefore for the value-base of social work itself. The critical social constructionist type proceeds from the view that the act ofassessment involves the construction of meanings as distinct from the determination of objectivefacts and causes of problems.
When the rapport between the professional and theclient becomes stronger as the process is going, the client may reveal additional information orproblems so far he was hiding, which need to be assessed and the resolved. These activities may be found in the other types, including the critical social constructionist type, but there the very idea of assessment is treated as problematic and activities such as analysis and understanding the situation are used to question the process itself. Below are you should check out to get the hang of the job. It includes consideration of static and dynamic risk factors and a multi-disciplinary approach. Later, built upon this work and that of others such as Richmond and Bartlett and formulated an ecosystems approach to assessment and intervention. Casey Family Programs 2016 Provides background information on the Sign of Safety® approach, which aims to conduct risk assessments and produce action plans for increasing safety and reducing risk. Stanford's paper demonstrates how social workers in reality construct multiple and variegated, rather than totalising, risk identities for themselves and their clients.
What are the problems with risk measures? A key social work task was agreeing discharge arrangements. These are compared and contrasted to examine how facilitators and barriers to innovation have taken shape at organisational and practitioner levels. Dynamic factors, on the other hand, include drug use, employment status, traumatic events, income, etc, and are both variable and often outwith the control of the individual. Some social workers worried police concerns about public protection would limit the ability to re-integrate offenders into the community. The critical role of assessmentAssessment is a critical process in social work practice, for the nature of goals and theselection of relevant interventions are largely based upon the assessment. Within this context of both uncertainty and optimism about the role of social work in risk assessment and management, the Scottish Executive Education Department commissioned the Social Work Research Centre at the University of Stirling to undertake an international literature review on risk assessment across the three main areas of social work expertise: criminal justice, community care and child protection.
Psychiatrists, by contrast, felt sharing information with the police challenged duties of confidentiality. There were even fewer tools for social workers that focused specifically on domestic violence among learning disabled women. For information about using other Specialist Assessment tools to support your risk assessment please click. These nuanced characterisations allow social workers to cultivate themselves as moral agents, with the ethical disposition to do the right thing by their clients. The case for this strategy echoes the earlier debate between technical and critical competence. The use of such assessments tends to place an emphasis on making victims responsible for planning their own safety.
It is also the case that aide memoires help us to account for factors that we might otherwise ignore or simply forget. Each element is accompanied by a set of learning strategies tasks and activities designed to assist the student develop the requisite knowledge and skills to achieve competency in that particular aspect of assessment. It should lead to increased focus and clarity. The review is informed by certain principles relating to rigorous risk assessment which were identified in the Research Specification. Introductions to each paper below are therefore made with reference to the cross-cutting themes providing the rationale for their order of appearance in the volume. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. They may result in greater predictive power but offer no guidelines for managing risk.
Denney concludes that more balanced professional analysis of both positive and negative risk is needed for assessing personal safety in complex social care situations. Risk Assessment is a process where this uncertainty is explored, recorded and reviewed. What does the client see as his or her primary problems or concerns? Richmond also made an appeal to include factors related to psychological well-being in assessment and data collection efforts. Acknowledgements We are very grateful to the British Journal of Social Work editors, Helen Masson and Eric Blyth, and the journal's administrator, Sue Hanson, for their unerring help and support throughout the process of bringing this issue to fruition. Risk factors comprise static and dynamic factors.