Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi The inspiring life of Mahatma Gandhi came to an end on 30th January 1948, when he was shot by a fanatic, Nathuram Godse, at point-blank range. According to Indira Carr, Gandhi's ideas on ahimsa and satyagraha were founded on the philosophical foundations of Advaita Vedanta. But he sought permission from his brother in a letter to join the Indian freedom movement. Rajendra Prasad: Rajendra Prasad was born in the year 1884 and is the first president of Republic India joined in the Indian National Congress during Independence movement. The medical team commanded by Gandhi operated for less than two months.
Nelson Mandela's movements were also inspired by Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi, then 16 years old, and his wife of age 17 had their first baby, who survived only a few days. The British did not recognise the declaration but negotiations ensued, with the Congress taking a role in provincial government in the late 1930s. In 1972, the Mahatma Gandhi Seva Ashram played host to the surrender ceremony, which took place in the presence of Shri Jayaprakash Narayan. Fast Facts Date of Birth: October 2, 1869 Place of Birth: Porbandar, British India now Gujarat Date of Death: January 30, 1948 Place of Death: Delhi, India Cause of Death: Assassination Professions: Lawyer, politician, activist, writer Spouse: Kasturba Gandhi Children: Harilal Gandhi, Manilal Gandhi, Ramdas Gandhi and Devdas Gandhi Father: Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi Mother: Putlibai Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an eminent freedom activist and an influential political leader who played a dominant role in India's struggle for independence. Both the Dutch settlers called Boers and the imperial British at that time discriminated against the coloured races they considered as inferior, and Gandhi later wrote about his conflicted beliefs during the Boer war. He found it humiliating, struggling to understand how some people can feel honour or superiority or pleasure in such inhumane practices.
In the process, he lost a year at school, but was later allowed to make up by accelerating his studies. Gandhi took Gokhale's liberal approach based on British Whiggish traditions and transformed it to make it look Indian. Early Life In his early years, Gandhi was deeply influenced by the stories of Shravana and Harishchandra that reflected the importance of truth. Gandhi pushed through a resolution at the Calcutta Congress in December 1928 calling on the British government to grant India dominion status or face a new campaign of nonco-operation with complete independence for the country as its goal. Nehru was jailed nine times between 1921 and 1945 for participating in the movement against the British. For example, Muslim leaders such as Jinnah opposed the satyagraha idea, accused Gandhi to be reviving Hinduism through political activism, and began effort to counter Gandhi with Muslim nationalism and a demand for Muslim homeland. On life, society and other application of his ideas Vegetarianism, food, and animals Gandhi was brought up as a vegetarian by his devout Hindu mother.
The farmers turned to Gandhiji for help. One day the magistrate asked him to remove his turban in court. Sarojini Naidu: Sarojini Chattopadhyay is called as Nightingale of India is one of the famous Indian Independence activist and poet born in the year 1879. He also responded to the call by the Mahatma to boycott Western education by asking his son Mrityunjaya Prasad, a brilliant student to drop out of the University and enroll himself in Bihar Vidyapeeth, an institution he had along with his colleagues founded on the traditional Indian model. The Quit India Movement was launched on August 13, 1942. He was heavy handed, and the call was a failure in the short term, but it communicated to the British fully that India was no more controllable by them, and they had no other choice except to find some respectable way to quit India.
He played a leading role in the struggle for independence and is addressed as Sardar which mean Chief in Hindu, Persian and Urdu. Gandhi moved his headquarters to Nadiad, organising scores of supporters and fresh volunteers from the region, the most notable being Vallabhbhai Patel. Rand and were sentenced to death g Azimullah Khan: Sided with Nana Saheb Peshwa, Tatya Tope and Bahadurshah Zafar to capture Peshawar to Cooch Behar from the British. Why all this was required for him. These were major movements undertaken by Mahatma Gandhi. He had also served as a Cabinet Minister briefly in the first Government of Independent India. Gandhi and other residents of , South Africa, 1910 Along with the book mentioned above, in 1908 wrote , which said that only by using love as a weapon through could the Indian people overthrow colonial rule.
The Quit India Movement had got success in its objective. His first two wives died young, after each had given birth to a daughter, and his third marriage was childless. Linked to this was his advocacy that khadi homespun cloth be worn by all Indians instead of British-made textiles. It is a very readable and honest account that contains many anecdotes and insights in the political and social circumstances of pre-war India. The Champaran agitation pitted the local peasantry against their largely British landlords who were backed by the local administration. But Gandhi ignored this, and on 4 September, he sailed from Bombay to London.
An introduction to Swaminarayan Hinduism. Every individual regardless of his or her background, stated Gandhi, has a right to choose who they welcome into their home, who they befriend and who they spend time with. The Congress Party ordered all of its elected members in the Central and provincial assemblies to resign, and another national struggle seemed inevitable. During this Gandhi Ji was addressed as Bapu and Mahatma by the people. In May 1939, Subhas formed the Forward Bloc within the Congress as an umbrella organization of the left forces within the Congress. Gandhi returned to active politics again in 1936, with the Nehru presidency and the Lucknow session of the Congress. During the many years it took him to save money, Vallabhbhai — now a pleader — earned a reputation as a fierce and skilled lawyer.
Gandhism Main article: Gandhism designates the ideas and principles Gandhi promoted; of central importance is nonviolent resistance. In early 1930, the Indian National Congress declared that it would now be satisfied with nothing short of complete independence purna swamj. But Kavi's influence was undoubtedly deeper if only because I had come in closest personal touch with him. He brought an international reputation as a leading Indian nationalist, theorist and community organiser. After several such incidents with , Gandhi's thinking and focus changed, and he felt he must resist this and fight for rights.