Some Select Chaucer Biographies: Baugh, Albert C. Chaucer worked throughout his life to break away from the molds which society had set about poetry in general, and his work in specific. It was neither rich or poor, happy nor sad. For some years he served as controller of Customs for the crown, working from the customhouse on the shore of the Thames, just steps down from the Tower of London. The ultimate effect of Chaucer's poetry is moral, but it is inadequate to describe Chaucer as a moralist, much less as a satirist. During 1359—1360 Chaucer was in France with Prince Lionel 1338—1368.
He also probably travels to Italy Milan on diplomatic missions. Chaucer is a diplomat and also a royal gardener. At this time, Boccaccio is in Florence and Petrarch is in Padua. We have records of his frequent dealings with the chief merchants of the city, with the so-called Lollard knights followers of Wyclif, to whom John of Gaunt gave protection , and with the king's most important ambassadors and officials. The King provides letters of protection from these debts. In the poem, each of the travelers agrees to tell stories to the group to help pass the time. In this way, Chaucer began his life of service to his king.
His first literary works appear in this period, notably the Book of the Duchess 1369 , an allegory lamenting the death of Blanche, wife of John of Gaunt. Although very little is definitely known about the details of his life, Chaucer was probably born shortly after 1340. While Chaucer was not on diplomatic missions, he was performing his duties in the position for which he is best known, the Kings Custom Service. May 10: Chaucer leases Aldgate house and sets up housekeeping. The Good Parliament introduces many long overdue reforms of government. He later modified the plan to write only one tale from each pilgrim on the road to Canterbury, but even this plan was never completed. The country was caught up in a political battle between the nobles of Gloucester and Lancaster.
Chaucer's Early Life Chaucer was born in England about 700 years ago, sometime between 1340 and 1345. Until this work, his writings were simply translations of old myths, or barely original poems written to fit the standards of French style. The Canterbury Tales became the most famous work. France, Scotland, Naples, Sicily, and the kingdoms in Spain support the French Pope. Stone building mingled with tile, wood, and thatch. Courtiers, pages, knights, nobles, princes, and of course the King and Queen. In fact, many people could read Latin yet had treat difficulty figuring out the simplest English sentences.
During this time, he was also was elected Knight of the Shire 1386 and served in Parliament. Truce of Bruges temporarily ends hostilities between England and France. He is a genial observer of mankind, a storyteller, as well as a satirist, one whose satire is usually without real bite. Instead of forging beautifully crafted lies and tales about society, his poetry held up a mirror to reflect reality as he saw it. Places to see: - Chaucer's grave. The glory of the church, and the power it put forth over the population made it a major political power of the time. In 1372-73 Chaucer was in Italy, with separate missions to Genoa and Florence, then traveled there again in 1378, this time to Lombardy.
Text in black refers to general historical events. French was the natural language of both the king and his queen. No outraged e-mails to her New York editor complaining about her treatment by publicists and copyeditors. Chaucer Life-Records From Materials Compiled by John M. Chaucer's early trips to France on diplomatic missions negotiating for peace.
He later participates in negotiations for the marriage of Prince Richard. His father was a vintner. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1957. The Life and Times of Chaucer. What little literature was not written in Latin was written in French.
Chaucer and the French Tradition: A Study in Style and Meaning. It was a walled city, guarded against invasion, but long enough time had passed since such a threat had approached that the defenses had loosened. Chaucer sowed the seed of the Renaissance also, besides giving the English literature a sure modern turn, but it is unfortunate of the English literature that there would be no more substantial harvest for almost two centuries after him, till Spenser, who made full use of the achievements of the Renaissance to develop the English literature; Shakespeare had to be waited for to develop dramas. The actions of these two nobles sent Chaucer reeling , his world constantly changing about him. As in the prominent French poetry of the time, the Book demonstrates a love for detail and description.
He held this position for some time. It was surely during his Italy trips, for example, that he first encountered the writings of Dante Alighieri, Francesco Petrarch, and Giovanni Boccaccio, a triumvirate of trecento Italian writers all of whom he deliberately imitates in his verse and narrative forms see especially Wallace; Ginsburg; Clarke. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2006. At one point she was even elected to the U. For a time thereafter he served as deputy forester for the royal forest at North Petherton, England. John Wycliffe, an advocate of religious reform, is ordered to stop his teaching at Oxford. The theme of his poem, The Book of the Duchess, which was written for intellectual and sophisticated people, was a fitting memorial to one of the highest-ranking ladies of the English royal household.