But with ardour and unction religion, as we all know, may still be fanatical; with honesty and good sense, it may still be prosaic; and the fruit of honesty and good sense united with ardour and unction is often only a prosaic religion held fanatically. Aristotle, by contrast, was more concerned with discovering general truths… 947 Words 4 Pages Matthew Arnold was born in the early 19th century in England and began his career as a poet who earned acclaim very quickly at his school, Rugby School. It was written by a poet of late Romanticism and is thus not well-structured, but very effective. It is not fatal to our Liberal friends to labour for free trade, extension of the suffrage, and abolition of church-rates, instead of graver social ends; but it is fatal to them to be told by their flatterers, and to believe, with our pauperism increasing more rapidly than our population, that they have performed a great, an heroic work, by occupying themselves exclusively, for the last thirty years, with these Liberal nostrums, and that the right and good course for them now is to go on occupying themselves with the like for the future. If you are aware of a problem but do nothing you are not helping at all you are just turning a cold shoulder and the problem will continue or become a greater conflict. Desire Thou, who dost dwell alone; Thou, who dost know thine own; Thou, to whom all are known, From the cradle to the grave,-- Save, O, save! This problem could range from not having matches to light a candle in a storm; to having a fire started, burning down the building and killing the child.
The fruitful men of English Puritanism and Nonconformity are men who were trained within the pale of the Establishment,—Milton, Baxter, Wesley. To this point line 14 , the poem has been essentially straightforward description. Then as to our working-class. Just as the free churches of Mr. The forest closing symbolizes the experiencing of more Indian culture were as the light deepening describes the awareness and understanding of the differing culture. Hebraically, the womb generates pity. That is, id-Dionysus first and ego-Apollo a long way second.
British society, he believed, was parochial and overemphasized the Protestant work ethic and money-making. Where did their detachment come from? Lord Stanhope, the Bishop of Oxford, Mr. O, where thy voice doth come, Let all doubts be dumb; Let all words be mild; All strife be reconciled; All pains beguiled. I wonder if the elusiveness of both texts is due to a resistance to fully compromise with their own ideas, an elusiveness which is born from an inability to define culture within the language we know. Therefore that way is made the harder for others to find, general perfection is put further off out of our reach, and the confusion and perplexity in which our society now labours is increased by the Nonconformists rather than diminished by them. For we are fond stickers to no machinery, not even our own; and we have no doubt that perfection can be reached without it,—with free churches as with established churches, and with instrumental statesmen as with creative statesmen.
And just what is not essential in religion he comes to mistake for essential, and a thousand times the more readily because he has chosen it of himself; and religious activity he fancies to consist in battling for it. Tylor, and the Uses of Invention. Arnold's evaluations of the Romantic poets such as Wordsworth, Byron, Shelley, and Keats are landmarks in descriptive criticism, and as a poet-critic he occupies an eminent position in the rich galaxy of poet-critics of English literature. In form and spirit his poetry is one of the very best later reflections of that of Greece, dominated by thought, dignified, and polished with the utmost care. O, let the false dream fly Where our sick souls do lie, Tossing continually.
They still love the sport of their youth, and mount the wind with joy. More than a few words we must give to showing how erroneous are these charges; because if they were true, we should be actually subverting our own design, and playing false to that culture which it is our very purpose to recommend. All are agreed that doing as one likes is the chief end of man and all are self-satisfied. There are many things to be said on behalf of this exclusive attention of ours to liberty, and of the relaxed habits of government which it has engendered. Socinians are fond of saying the same thing about the Socinian conception of Christianity. The word culture originated in the world of farming, as a term for tending crops or animals, which is where we get the word agriculture Williams 87-93. The stylistic devices used were comparisons, parables and metaphors.
English society may be divided into three classesBarbarians, Philistines, and Populace. Now, however, the sea of faith is receding; the power of religion to give unity and meaning is waning,. Against this ideal are arrayed all the undisciplined forces of the ageprejudice, narrowness, the worship of liberty for libertys sake, faith in machinery whether governmental, economic, or religiousin short an unthinking individualism that leads to anarchy. In classical Greece, innovation and interests in creativity and beauty predominated, and so Greek sculpture and philosophy were their primary strengths. Each redefines culture from a term limited to individuals to one that encompasses society as a whole. Bazley sums up for us, in general, the middle-class, its spirit and its works, at least as well as Mr. The initial contact with a new culture gives rise to cultural differences and Todd finds himself struggling with them.
The very principle of the authority which we are seeking as a defence against anarchy is right reason, ideas, light. Hellenism has something anti-woman, anti-womanly, misogynist; and so has our culture, high or low, under Apollo's sign or Dionysus'. But he does not break many laws, or not many at one time; and, as our laws were made for very different circumstances from our present but always with an eye to Englishmen doing as they like , and as the clear letter of the law must be against our Englishman who does as he likes and not only the spirit of the law and public policy, and as Government must neither have any discretionary power nor act resolutely on its own interpretation of the law if any one disputes it, it is evident our laws give our playful giant, in doing as he likes, considerable advantage. But to tell us that our fond dreams are on that account shattered is inexact, and is the sort of language which ought to be addressed to the promoters of intelligence through public meetings and a commendable interest in politics, when they fail in their designs, and not to us. Are reflections on culture destined to revolve on their own axis? G Wodehouse, esteemed humorous writer employed the phrase often, sometimes with a slight nod to the phrase's dual-edge. Figure 1: Photograph of Matthew ArnoldIn Culture and Anarchy, Matthew Arnold 1822-88 articulated a theory of culture that continues to influence thinking about the value of the humanities in higher education. It is attained by a knowledge of the best that has been said and thought in the world, by the free play of the mind over the facts of life, and by a sympathetic attitude towards all that is beautiful.
We have seen how establishments tend to give us a sense of a historical life of the human spirit, outside and beyond our own fancies and feelings; how they thus tend to suggest new sides and sympathies in us to cultivate; how, further, by saving us from having to invent and fight for our own forms of religion, they give us leisure and calm to steady our view of religion itself,—the most overpowering of objects, as it is the grandest,—and to enlarge our first crude notions of the one thing needful. Paul for their doctrines, and have no notion there is anywhere else to go to; earnest young men at schools and universities, instead of conceiving salvation as a harmonious perfection only to be won by unreservedly cultivating many sides in us, conceive of it in the old Puritan fashion, and fling themselves ardently upon it in the old, false ways of this fashion, which we know so well, and such as Mr. Culture and Anarchy by Matthew Arnold. An Analysis of Organization Culture The following analysis focuses on data collected from five individuals of varying tenure and gender employed by a privately owned manufacturing company with annual revenues exceeding a billion dollars. Gilbert, Albany: State U of New York P, 2009. To me and to the members of the Society for Promoting Christian. Once the problems are solved, if ever, then we reach the state of total perfection.