It flows in all directions in the form of suggestions, advises and information rather than orders. Quick decision and implementation In this organization only top level management involves in decision making process. Who defines tasks or refines tasks The reconciliation, for each level in the hierarchy, of these distinct performances by the immediate superiors, who are also, in turn, responsible for seeing that each is relevant in his own special part of the main task. Other types of companies that would use the organic organizational structure would be smaller, high tech firms and niche product firms that need to respond quickly to changing environments The business environment, 2009, p. This allows the organically structured workplace to be more progressive and adaptable to change, as the business is not as rigidly structured as in a mechanistic model.
The disadvantage of mechanistic structure issue is the consistency because there are systems that are being applied that does not meet desired outcomes. The information is communicated vertically only from top level to subordinate levels. On the other hand, many examples of inefficient bureaucracies can quickly come to mind, suggesting that while there is overlap between the concepts, there are distinctions as well. He believed in strict adherence to rules which would make bureaucracy a very efficient form of organization founded on the principles of logic, order and legitimate authority. In an organic structure, the business is made up of a network of people or teams who work together in varying capacities to achieve the goals of the business. Both strengths and weaknesses are applied or monitored so that the advantage of enhancing an effective leadership style becomes evident with the organization. There is also more face-to-face time within the hierarchy of power.
The tasks and problem were solved by formalized and standardization. Decision making is largely concerned with application of the appropriate predetermined rule, policy, procedure, or criteria. Tasks are performed according to discretions and desires of managers at the top. Only top level manager are involved in decision making process. The mechanistic organization evolved from this, featuring job specialization, a bureaucratic management hierarchy, centralized power resting at the top of the organization and many rules. It tends to be flexible and adaptive.
Mechanistic Organizational Structure The mechanistic organizational structure is the most common business structure and is typically used in a manufacturing environment. Efficiency and predictability are emphasized through specialization, standardization, and formalization. The system of promotions corresponds to seniority or merit or both. In this organization, there are specific rules, regulation, policies and working system. This type of organizational structure is bureaucratic, which means it employs a highly centralized authority figure.
Other people, like interchangeable parts of a machine, can replace people in a position. Omniscience no longer imputed to the head of the concern; knowledge about the technical or commercial nature of the here and now may be located anywhere in the network. Structured Tasks One benefit many business owners and employees find with mechanistic models of structure is the highly structured nature of work tasks. Autocratic leadership Mechanistic organization emphasizes to autocratic leadership. Organizational structure is essential in specifying reporting relationships, delineating formal communication channels and in linking all activities together toward organizational goal achievement. Sgagafga Fdgasf Fdga Dsg Dgfa G Qgfrsad 1. Building an Efficient Team There are pros and cons to both organic and mechanistic structures.
Organizational structures contain four elements that are essentially building blocks, centralization, formalization, hierarchy, and departmentalization. When the environment is stable External environment stable, it include community, economics of regional, taxation and political. The mechanistic structure however is associated with bureaucracy, and is consequently known for a lack of innovativeness, agility, and responsiveness. Mechanistic Structure is appropriate for organizations focusing on a cost- minimization strategy through tight control, extensive division of labor, high formalization and centralization. A mechanistic structure is only efficient when there is a mediation that is regularly scheduled for the employees to discuss the issues concerning with their roles and operations. Sample answer for 2 a. Since each department is separate and clearly defined in a mechanistic model, employees will be assigned specialized tasks that remain relatively static over time.
It has an extensive information system, and employees rarely participate in decision making. Draw the organizational structures for both firms - You should be able to see the differences of the two organizational structures: Tall and short hierarchical structure, narrow and wide span of management, specialization by geographic or functions or something else. There is however one caveat as to the when the mechanistic structure would be the most appropriate. Mechanistic organization is relatively easier and simpler to organize, but rapid change is very challenging. There is a greater scale of verbal communication between parties. A mechanistic organization is a company with a highly organized, rigid and bureaucratic structure.
Mechanistic organisation structure is an appropriate form of structure for organisations operating in a stable environment. An organization can be structured in many different ways and styles, depending on their objectives and ambiance. Tasks are assigned to people according to their capabilities and skills and not hierarchical positions. It includes private firms as well as governmental organisation. Leadership styles are also a disadvantage, especially if leaders want to apply Laissez-Faire leadership style. The company can be likened to a machine, its many parts synchronized to produce a standard, predictable output. They cannot use their skill and efficiency while doing work.
However, specialized tasks are repetitive and can sometimes be boring. It has a very limited line of products and needs to make efficient use of its resources. Timipre Maxwell-Poku P2 Unit 4 Structure Organisations Managing Director Supervisor Team Leader Team Member Hierarchical Structure: Having a structure of multiple levels. The functioning of the organization based upon rational and objective standards excludes the intervention of personal considerations, emotions and prejudices. When mechanistic structures are viewed outside a business environment we can see them in force throughout our levels of government, in private enterprise, in schools and universities. Such formalization is driven by efficiency; reduction in variance increases predictability, and increases in predictability allow for improvements in efficiency.
Organic communication is characterised by a non-linear communication structures. There is a much deeper integration between departments and individuals, often implementing collaborative thought and team work. Subordinates are responsible for their immediate superiors. A delegation of procedures allows each employee to engage in a formal way of increasing the operational performance of every organization to ensure that the quality of service is applied and adjusted. Mechanistic structures are primarily hierarchical, with an emphasis on specialization, and vertical communication. Network, Presumed Community of Interest.