Historical and Replacement Cost Historical cost refers to the cost of an asset, acquired in the past whereas replacement cost refers to the cost, which has to be incurred for replacing the same asset. The concept of cost of production is very significant in economics because it influences the production, supply, sales and the determination of price in the market. But unlike the law of demand, the supply relationship shows an upward slope. That stuff was almost slave labour…. Total and average costs Total costs are the sum of all costs. Looking back at your life you will remember the dumpster diving episodes or the bananas u had for dinner? Fixed or quasi-fixed Discretionary costs Distribution cost Variable proportionally plus a fixed component Sale representatives usually are paid in percentage to success plus a fixed fee. Joseph's College of Commerce - Bangalore.
If the benefit is high, you might pay more than you would for another object with fewer benefits. In a balance sheet, costs raise commercial liabilities to be settled. A related paper: Significance The burden sustained in order to perform a certain activity, to carry out a certain production, to achieve certain goals. Lay offs, closing factories, shutting down coal mines. The opportunity cost of anything is the alternative that has been foregone.
In such a case, a payment exceeding the pure transfer cost will have to be made to induce it to take to an alternative occupation. Many economists like to divide costs incurred by a business into two categories; transaction and production costs. Often, they can determine this by looking at the expected for an investment vehicle. All the past costs are considered as sunk costs because they are known and given and cannot be revised as a result of changes in market conditions. Wild hogs also destroy fences, spreaddiseases to livestock, and present a danger to humans and animals. This is the monetary cost of the education.
However, although forecasts are not always reliable, they can help give decision makers an idea of possible outcomes. Spatial differentiation of production costs The cost of production can be widely different in geopolitical areas where the , the cost, the land cost, , and other are different thus violating the. It took generations to see that this blatant wanton destruction like wolves killing elks in Yellow stone park} is actually what keeps the economy producing ever more riches. In addition to gaining financial literacy, the study of economics equips people with educational and cognitive skills, such as the ability to make reasoned and rational decisions, which are valuable in other areas of their personal and professional lives too. The profits of a business decrease with increase in transaction costs. These are examples of some of the opportunity costs of my decision to pursue a degree. In other words, by investing in the business, they forgo the opportunity to earn the higher return.
The Law of Supply Like the law of demand, the law of supply demonstrates the quantities that will be sold at a certain price. They include, payments for raw material, taxes and depreciation charges, transportation, power, high fuel, advertising and so on. You also have to consider all of the time you might spend watching Jersey Shore or something like that. Brought to you by Marginal Analysis for Customers A customer, on the other hand, might want to figure out if the satisfaction they get from buying one extra unit exceeds the cost of buying that extra unit. So, the trick is to find that balance that sacrifices neither the present extreme frugality nor sacrifices the future extreme consumerism. These decisions involve weighing costs against benefits. First, we set a price floor on the minimum wage, which prevents businesses from paying their employees less than this price floor.
Therefore, money costs include the following expenses: v Expenses on advertising and publicity, vi Interest on capital. While both debt and equity require expense to compensate lenders and shareholders for the risk of investment, each also carries an opportunity cost. Alternatives are not clearly known The foregone opportunities are often not ascertainable. Identically, total can be obtain as total revenues less total costs. Sunk costs are those which cannot be altered, increased or decreased by changing the rate of output and the level of business activity.
Finally, the efficiency of communication Computer brings mean that the globalization process is fastened e. Thus, in the words of Prof. How does the study of economics depend upon the phenomenon of scarcity? Sunk costs are investment costs incurred before a certain activity takes place which cannot be recovered by the possible sale of the asset they produced. The bigger the hard drive is, the more stuff you can put on it. The market is generally much more responsive in real life, and true supply shocks are rare — at least ones caused by the market are rare.
Use well-structured sentences, audience-appropriate language, and correct conventions of standard American English. In another vein, you need to be rich to start a new business. However, the previous five are some of the most pertinent. There will be a certain cost incurred by the production of that one extra unit and a certain revenue brought in by its sale. It expresses the pains and sacrifices involved in producing a commodity.